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Top Countries

  • USA
  • UK
  • Singapore
  • Canada
  • Australia
  • France
  • Germany
  • Spain

What Do I Need To Know About The United States of America?

The United States of America (USA) is the world's third largest country by total area as well as population.  It is located in North America and bordered on the North by Canada, on the East by the Atlantic Ocean, on the South by the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico, and on the West by the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nation. The climate is also extremely diverse, and the country is home to a wide variety of wildlife.

Population, Demography & Economy (2015)
Population: 321 million
Urbanization: 81.6%
GDP: 17.9 trillion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 2.4%
Average Income: $53,657 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 5.3% 

Weather & Climate
USA, with its large size and geographic variety, includes most climate types. It varies due to differences in latitude, and a range of geographic features, including mountains and deserts. In the eastern parts, the climate ranges from humid continental to humid subtropical. The Great Plains in the western parts of USA experiences semi-arid. Much of the western mountains have an alpine climate. The climate is arid in the Great Basin, desert in the Southwest, Mediterranean in coastal California, and oceanic in coastal Oregon and Washington and southern Alaska. Most of Alaska is subarctic or polar. Hawaii and the southern tip of Florida are tropical, as are the populated territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific. Extreme weather is not uncommon—the states bordering the Gulf of Mexico are prone to hurricanes, and most of the world's tornadoes occur within the country, mainly in tornado alley areas in the Midwest and South.

Education
USA is home to some of the best Universities in the world. It remains the world’s leading destination for international students. The most popular subjects among international students are business and management, engineering, mathematics and computer science.

Some of the top universities of USA are Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University, Stanford University, California Institute of Technology, university of Chicago, Princeton university, Yale University, Johns Hopkins University, Cornell university, and the University of Pennsylvania.

Employment Prospects
USA is known as a global economic giant. Small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are keen graduate employers, especially in the IT and technology sectors. Its main exports include machinery, electronics, oil, vehicles, aircraft and medical equipment. The world-famous Silicon Valley in California is home to hundreds of IT and technology start-ups.

The country also holds the most advanced media sector in the world. USA film, TV and music has a global audience and there are thousands of newspapers, radio stations and news channels. Major USA companies include Apple, Chevron, Exxon Mobil, General Electric, Google, IBM, JPMorgan, Chase, Microsoft, etc.

Things To Do
USA is full of attractive places for tourists from visiting landmarks to playing water sports to enjoying shows and concerts to going for outdoor activities. There exists a wide range of tourist attractions in such as amusement parks, festivals, gambling, golf courses, historical buildings and landmarks, hotels, museums, galleries, outdoor recreation, spas, restaurants and sports. The cities of New York, San Francisco, Chicago, Los Angeles, Orlando, Seattle, etc. are well known for scenic beauties and tourist attractions. Las Vegas is famous for casinos. You can also enjoy spending your nights clubbing or partying in cities like Miami, New York, and San Francisco.

Top ten places to visit in USA are:

  1. Grand Canyon. If you want to go for adventurous trips and get a picturesque view, Grand Canyon is the best place to go. You can hike the Bright Angel Trails or raft the Colorado River.
  2. Yellowstone National Park is located in the state of Wyoming. It is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features, especially Old Faithful Geyser, one of the most popular features in the park.
  3. Niagara Falls. A North American natural wonder, Niagara Falls flows with scenic might. Pictures are great, but getting close enough to touch Niagara Falls inspires genuine awe. There’s no closer place to “feel Niagara’s flow” than from the decks, boats, vista points and trails of Niagara Falls State Park - America’s oldest state park.
  4. New York. One of the best cities to ever visit. From Times Square and Rockefeller Center to the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Broadway to the Statue of Liberty, the city never sleeps and has attractions and excitement 24-7.
  5. Orlando. Located in central Florida, Orlando is home to world famous theme parks like Walt Disney World, SeaWorld and Universal Studios. With several amusement parks, visitors to Orlando can meet their favorite storybook characters, reenact live famous movie scenes, ride thrilling roller coasters and watch dolphins performing marvelous tricks.
  6. Savannah. Lying on the Atlantic Coast in eastern Georgia, Savannah is USA’s oldest city, rich in history, hospitality and natural beauty. It draws millions of tourists every year to its charming scenes of Victorian architecture, cobbled streets, moss-draped oaks and leisurely pace.
  7. Chicago. Nicknamed the “Windy City” and best known for its towering skyscrapers, sports teams and unique style of hot dogs and pizzas, Chicago is the third-largest city in the USA. It is located on Lake Michigan in the heart of the Midwest region in northeastern Illinois. It is home to many notable landmarks that include one of the world’s busiest airports, O’Hare International, as well as one of the tallest buildings in the Western Hemisphere, the Willis Tower.
  8. Denali National Park. Located in Alaska, Denali National Park is a paradise for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts. It covers a vast area of spectacular scenery with abundant wildlife and outdoor adventures. It is home to Mt. McKinley, North America’s highest peak.
  9. Las Vegas is a major US city world renowned for its casinos, luxury hotels, comedy acts, musical productions and extravagant shows. Most of the city’s main attractions are all concentrated within the area commonly referred to as the “Strip.” In addition to gambling, shows and lavish performances, Las Vegas offers plenty more to suit people of all ages and interests.
  10. San Francisco. San Francisco's culture has been affected by diverse ethnic groups and many social movements. The best way to perceive the City by the Bay's character is to explore each individual neighborhood. From the Mission to the Castro, visitors appreciate each enclave's offerings.

 

Food & Drinks
A wide variety of food is available in the USA. Many stores and restaurants are open till late night or early morning. Best cities where you can get a variety of food are New Orleans, New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Portland, Austin, Seattle, etc. You will find a lot of McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, Subway, Denny’s and all kinds of cuisine including Indian, Italian, Greek, Mexican, Chinese.

New Orleans is famous for food items like snow-balls, crawfish, po’boy, redfish, gumbo, étouffée and jambalaya. New York is the nation's main stage for chefs & restaurateurs to prove their skills proficient and their concepts bankable. Popular food items are egg creams, cookies, pizza, cheesecake, hotdog, clam chowder, etc.

Other popular food items you can find in USA are twinkies, fried chicken, apple pie, buffalo wings, corn dogs, s’mores, BBQ ribs, pastrami sandwich, etc.  Overall you will get good food with excellent quality and a variety of options.

To conclude, getting into USA for educational or job prospects gives you a wide range of opportunities to explore and learn. However, it’s not just the high standard of living that draws students and professionals in. Whether you’re attracted to the bright lights and fast pace of the big city or to miles and miles of unspoiled wilderness; sun-kissed beaches or lush forests; the rustic and traditional or the sleek and modern, this huge and incredibly diverse country has something for everyone.

What Do I Need To Know About The United Kingdom?

The United Kingdom (UK) or Britain is a sovereign state in Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, UK consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is a developed country and also ethnically diverse due to successive waves of migration. The UK has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round.

Population, Demography & Economy (2015)
Population: 64.1 million
Urbanization: 90.8%
Current GDP: 2.8 trillion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 2.5%
Average Income: $43,390 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 5.0%

Weather & Climate
The climate in the UK is defined as a temperate oceanic climate. Regional climates are influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and latitude. Northern Ireland, Wales and western parts of England and Scotland, being closest to the Atlantic Ocean, are generally the mildest, wettest and windiest regions of the UK, and temperature ranges here are seldom extreme. Eastern areas are drier, cooler, and less windy and also experience the greatest daily and seasonal temperature variations. Northern areas are generally cooler, wetter and have slightly larger temperature ranges than southern areas. The southeast of England is generally sunnier and warmer than the rest of the United Kingdom, but resorts along the coast get crowded during the summer.

Education
UK is home to some of the best Universities in the world. In terms of numbers of international students, the UK overall lags only behind USA and this popularity is unsurprising given the strong global reputation enjoyed by UK universities. A shortage of exciting options will not be an issue if you’re looking to study in the UK.

UK is home to the University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, UCL (University College London) and Imperial College London. Other top universities in UK include London School of Economics, University of St. Andrews, Durham University and University of Warwick.

Employment Prospects
The UK is highly globalized meaning the job market is competitive. Top three industries in the UK include services, production and agriculture. The services sector dominates the UK economy with banking, insurance and business services all key drivers of the country's growth.

The hospitality and retail industries often recruit all year round due to a high turnover of staff. The creative arts and design sector, although highly competitive, often recruit in London, while marketing and PR thrive in cities such as Birmingham and Manchester. In demand occupations exist in sectors such as arts and entertainment, engineering, healthcare, IT, and teaching.

Things To Do
The United Kingdom has long been a favorite European tourist destination for many because of its beautiful countryside, historic cities, topnotch museums and outstanding theaters. From medieval castles to stately mansions and the awe-inspiring scenery of the Lake District and the Scottish Highlands, there are a diverse set of places to visit in the UK.

Top ten places to visit in UK are:

  1. London is a fascinating city laden with history, filled with museums and art galleries, beautiful green parks, fantastic shopping and dining, a vibrant theatre scene, and, of course, royalty. London is truly a city that has it all. The changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace is a not-to-be-missed experience, as is watching the minutes tick away at Big Ben, probably the world’s most famous clock. Another London must is riding a double-decker bus across Tower Bridge over the Thames River.
  2. Scottish Highlands is the rugged northern and northwestern portion of Scotland. This is the Scotland conjured up by visions of tartan, kilts, lochs and Braveheart. The area includes the highest mountain in Britain, Ben Nevis. Among its most popular attractions is Eilean Donan Castle, a real picture postcard castle and Loch Ness, Scotland’s most famous lakes.
  3. Jurassic Coast. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Jurassic Coast is the popular name given to a 95 mile long stretch of coastline in southern England along the east Devon and Dorset shores. Although you won't be chased by any T-Rex here, you might go home with some Jurassic catch as the area abounds in fossil scattered on the beaches.
  4. Stonehenge. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones in south west England. It is also home to some of the most important Neolithic and Bronze Age finds and structures in the UK, and contains some 200 scheduled monuments.
  5. Edinburgh is steeped in history, beginning with the Old and New Towns, which have more than 4,500 historic buildings and sites between them. Old Town is home to Edinburgh’s most famous street, the Royal Mile that connects Edinburgh Castle with the Palace of Holyroodhouse. New Town is best known for its neoclassical architecture.
  6. Canterbury Cathedral. Mother Church of the Anglican Communion and seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Canterbury Cathedral is an inspirational building where beauty and holiness blend perfectly. This magnificent place of worship is a masterpiece of Romanesque and Gothic styles and an incredible display of architecture in relation to England's religious history.
  7. Lizard Peninsula. Stunningly beautiful no matter when you visit, the Lizard Peninsula has forever been a goldmine of inspiration for artist. Staggering cliffs, whitewashed cottages clustering around picturesque harbors, flamboyant fishing boats drying upside down on the beaches, sub-tropical vegetation and mild climate await along compelling history that's inevitably inscribed in the breathtaking vistas.
  8. Cornwall is a study in contrasts. It is charming and quaint, yet rugged and isolated. Located in the westernmost point of the United Kingdom, Cornwall is a peninsula that offers rocky cliffs overlooking the sea on its northern side and golden sand beaches that are loved by tourists on the south.
  9. York is a walled city with a rich heritage located where the River Foss meets the River Ouse. An impressive number of attractions are packed into the space of this ancient city. One of the city’s landmarks is York Minster. This commanding stone cathedral is filled with remarkable works of art.
  10. Snowdonia. There is simply no other way to describe the stunning 360-degree views of the mountains, valleys and coast at Snowdonia. Located along the coast of Wales, Snowdonia is home to Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales and England, and the largest lake in Wales. It is the third largest national park in the United Kingdom.


Food & Drinks
The UK offers its residents an appetizing array of food and drink choices. Students from all over the world are attracted to the country because of its cosmopolitan landscape – one that delivers a variety of culinary tastes, flavors, aromas, and ingredients.

British food has traditionally been based on beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish and generally served with potatoes and one other vegetable. The most common and typical foods eaten in Britain include the sandwich, fish and chips, pies like the cornish pasty, trifle and roasts dinners. Iconic cakes, splendid sandwiches and heart-warming stews all hail from the United Kingdom.

British cuisine has absorbed the cultural influence of those who have settled in Britain, producing many hybrid dishes, such as the Anglo-Indian chicken tikka masala. Other popular British food items include Salmon Kedgeree, Haggis, Lemon Curd, Welsh Rarebit, Cornish Pasties, Toad in the Hole, Jellied eels, etc.

To conclude, UK is a welcoming, diverse and popular destination for international students as well as potential employees. The country provides you world-class teaching and job prospects to help develop great skills for success in the global workforce.

What Do I Need To Know About Singapore?

Singapore is a global city and sovereign state in Southeast Asia and the world's only island city-state. It lies at the southernmost tip of continental Asia and peninsular Malaysia, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south. Singapore's territory consists of a diamond-shaped main island along with 62 other islets. Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub. This densely populated island country is covered with tropical flora, parks and gardens.

Population, Demography & Economy (2015)
Population: 3.4 million
Urbanization: 100%
Current GDP: 292 billion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 2.2%
Average Income: $55,150 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 1.9% 

Weather & Climate
Located north of the equator, Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall. It stays hot and humid throughout the year. There are no distinct wet or dry seasons as it rains throughout the year. May to September are marginally dryer.

Education
Education is a priority in Singapore and the nation is recognized as a ‘global schoolhouse’. A strong emphasis on education started when the British-based education system was introduced. Today Singapore is one of the leaders in higher education both in Asia and worldwide.

There are 34 universities in Singapore, of which six are national. The two best known, the National University of Singapore (NUS) and Nanyang Technological University (NTU) are both very highly reputed, offering courses in a wide range of subjects to their student population of over 30,000 each. Other popular schools include Singapore Management University, SIM University, Singapore University of Technology and Design and Cornell-Nanyang Institute of Hospitality Management.

Employment Prospects
Even though Singapore is geographically small, there are a lot of jobs available for international students. The following industries are currently booming in the country – Manufacturing, Construction, Tourism, Retail, Healthcare and Finance Information Communications and Digital Media.

Globally, Singapore is a leader in several economic sectors. Its main exports are refined petroleum, integrated circuits and computers including significant electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, mechanical engineering and biomedical sciences sectors.

Singapore's largest companies are telecom, banking, transportation and manufacturing sectors, including Singapore Telecommunications, Singapore Technologies Engineering, Keppel Corporation, Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation, Development Bank of Singapore and United Overseas Bank.

Things To Do
Singapore is one of the great cities of the world, with its blend of Asian and European cultures. Graceful colonial buildings co-exist alongside centuries-old street markets and modern high-rises. This tiny island state is also a land of contrasts; Chinatown and Little India, both gastronomic and shopping hubs in their own right, represent the incredible ethnic diversity of the country. For nightlife too sip on a Singapore Sling at the lavish Raffles Hotel, or head to Clarke Quay for some of the city’s most picturesque eating and drinking spots.

Top ten places to visit in Singapore are:

  1. Marina Bay. One of the newest land reclamation projects in Singapore, Marina Bay includes of the city’s two huge casinos – the Sands. Just across the river are the Gardens by the Bay. The Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort that has it all: a luxury hotel, restaurants, an endless collection of shops, a convention center that is one of the largest in Asia, theater, an Art Science Museum and other entertainment centers.
  2. Clarke Quay This delightful riverside development is packed full of bustling bars and restaurants, boutique shops and pumping nightclubs, attracting a steady stream of tourists alongside Singapore’s party animals. Clarke Quay’s location takes full advantage of the picturesque body of water that emerges from the city’s main river, with alfresco-style dining to be had in an endless number of eateries set around the water’s edge.
  3. Orchard Road. Orchard Road is the main shopping street of Singapore, regularly frequented by the locals as well as foreign tourists. Orchard Road is flanked by malls, numerous upmarket restaurants, coffee chains, cafés, nightclubs and hotels. It is also the site of the official residence of the President of Singapore, the Istana.
  4. Sentosa Island. Take the short trip across to Sentosa Island, with its many and varied attractions ranging from the Universal Studios theme park to an aquarium, a cable car ride, the Sky Tower, nature trails and plenty of bars and restaurants.
  5. Raffles Hotel. This luxurious colonial-style hotel has a long history dating back to 1887 and has become one of the most important Singapore landmarks. The Raffles Hotel features 103 suites and 18 distinctive restaurants and bars as well as an arcade with over 40 boutiques and stores.
  6. National Orchid Garden. Explore the National Orchid Garden in Singapore's Botanic Gardens, which has the largest collection of orchids in the world. The garden contains more than 60,000 species of plants and animals, and is home to the world’s first children’s garden.
  7. Singapore Flyer. The Singapore Flyer is the world’s largest observation wheel. A one-of-a-kind experience built over a three-story terminal building. Passengers will get to see city sights such as the Singapore River, Raffles Place, Marina Bay, Empress Place and the Padang.
  8. The Merlion. The Merlion is more than just a statue. It’s a mythical symbol of Singapore, a place to take in some incredible views, and of course, is the city’s most sought after photo-op. The term ‘must see’ will forever be used to describe the Merlion, with the iconic statue attracting over a million visitors per year.
  9. Singapore Night Safari is truly a unique attraction. It is not only an interesting place worth a visit but a leading conservation and research centre in Asia. As a zoo it offers an unusual glimpse into the nocturnal animal kingdom, with more than 59 exhibits and 1,000 animals to be seen from around the world.
  10. Little India and Chinatown. Learn more about its history from the Chinatown Heritage Centre on Pagoda Street in Chinatown. Little India is a colourful and exciting area in Singapore. Located east of the Singapore River, north of Kampong Glam. It is famous for Indian Items.


Food & Drinks
Food and dining are said to be the country's national pastime. Singapore is a gourmet's paradise, with everything from humble street stalls to 5-star restaurants. The focus on food has led the country to attract tourists with food-based itineraries. The diversity of food is touted as a reason to visit the country, and the variety of food representing different ethnicities is seen by the government as a symbol of its multiculturalism. The breadth of cuisine has been increased further by the "hybridization" of different styles. The "national fruit" of Singapore is the durian.

To conclude, Singapore is a modern, vibrant nation with an excellent educational system, providing numerous opportunities for internationals. Getting into Singapore for educational or job prospects gives you a wide range of opportunities to explore and learn. Many global reports show that Singapore is one of the world’s leaders in innovation and research. In recent years, Singapore has also invested heavily in arts and culture, to aid its plethora of festivals, museums and public gardens, with the goal of helping to develop its image as more than just a hub of finance and business.

What Do I Need To Know About Canada?

Canada is the world's second largest country by total area. It is located in the northern half of North America extending from the Atlantic in the east to the Pacific in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory is dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains. Canada is a land of vast distances and rich natural beauty and is home to a wide variety of wildlife.

Population, Demography & Economy (2015)
Population: 35.7 million
Urbanization: 81.9%
Current GDP: 1.5 trillion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 1.0%
Average Income: $51,630 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 6.9%

Weather & Climate
Canada enjoys four distinct seasons: summer, autumn, winter and spring. Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies, humid in central Canada, and milder on the coasts. Spring is generally pleasant across the country. Autumns are often crisp and cool. Winters are generally cold with periods of snow. On the west coast, in cities such as Vancouver and Victoria, winters are wet. Central Canada and northern Canada experiences subarctic and arctic climates.

Education
Canadian universities are known for being consistently high quality and for offering internationally accepted degrees and credentials; some are ranked in the top 100 by reputable sources. International students can often work while they study and take advantage of many cooperative education and internship opportunities.

Some of the top universities of Canada are University of Toronto, The University of British Columbia, University of Waterloo, University of Alberta, Simon Fraser University, McGill University, York University, etc.

Employment Prospects
Canada has a diverse economy and a high standard of living. It ranks among the top ten manufacturing nations. Major industries in Canada include manufacturing in aerospace technology, cars, clothing, food, paper and wood products. Its major exports are automobile vehicles and parts, machinery and equipment, high-technology products, oil, natural gas, metals, and forest and farm products.

The service industry is also a dominant force in the Canadian economy which employs about three quarters of Canadians. Canada is one of the global leaders of the entertainment software industry.

Things To Do
Canada is home to vibrant and culturally rich cities, along with incredible natural wonders. It is full of attractive places for tourists from visiting landmarks to playing ice hockey to mountain biking to enjoying scenic beauties like Niagara Falls. The Provincial Parks and National Parks across Canada are extremely beautiful locations for the eyes of a traveler.

Top ten places to visit in Canada are:

  1. Baffin Island. Canada’s largest island is a pristine wilderness of fjords, mountains, glaciers and tundra. Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous.
  2. Niagara Falls. A North American natural wonder, Niagara Falls flows with scenic might. Pictures are great, but getting close enough to touch Niagara Falls inspires genuine awe. There’s no closer place to “feel Niagara’s flow” than from the decks, boats, vista points and trails of Niagara Falls State Park.
  3. Toronto. The largest city in Canada and arguably the best-known, Toronto curls along the rim of Lake Ontario. It is the home to the CN Tower, once the world's tallest, at 1,815 feet. You can explore the vibrant cafés, boutiques and galleries of the Distillery District’s beautifully restored Victorian industrial architecture, or grab an ice-cream and some rays on the beach
  4. The Canadian Rockies span British Columbia and Alberta and is one of the world's most impressive mountain ranges. Jagged mountains criss-crossed by glacier-fed rivers and peppered with vivid, emerald lakes, the region is ideal for explorers. There are also a number of ski resorts in the mountain range, including Banff National Park.
  5. Montreal. The second largest city in Canada, it is a cultural hub with more than a few international flavors and boasts more than 100 festivals a year.
  6. Kluane National Park. A UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979, Kluane National Park in the Yukon is a vast expanse of vertiginous mountains, gigantic glaciers and extraordinary wildlife. At its heart is Canada’s highest peak, Mt Logan. Raft, hike or canoe through this exceptionally beautiful backcountry, home to eagles, grizzlies, wolves and moose.
  7. Bay of Fundy. This 270km-long bay possesses the world’s highest tidal range – sometimes 15m or more. Witness the inter-tidal zone’s incredible changes, go whale watching, then take an exhilarating rafting trip on the Shubenacadie River tidal bore or a thrilling jet boat ride on Saint John’s Reversing Falls.
  8. Vancouver has been named the "best place to live in the world" more than a few times. The west coast city in British Columbia boasts a buzzy cultural life, a rich platter of ethnically diverse restaurants and a cosmopolitan population.
  9. Whistler. One of North America's largest and most popular ski resorts hosted the Winter Olympics in 2010 and boasts some 8,000 acres of pistes and 1,610m of vertical. Its ski area across two mountains - Whistler and Blackcomb – enjoys a long season and an impressive and reliable average snowfall.
  10. Quebec City. Located on the country's east coast, Quebec City play host to some of Canada's most beautiful countryside. UNESCO-listed Old Quebec is North America’s only remaining walled city, its charming 17th- and 18th-century houses a world away from the glitzy skyscrapers elsewhere.


Food & Drinks
Canadian cuisine is as varied as the country. Whether you’re craving a monster-sized burger and fries, a juicy rare steak, freshly caught seafood or Oriental stir-fry, there’s a panoply of eateries to sate your appetite. Asian food in Vancouver, Ukrainian dishes on the Prairies and German-style cuisine in southwestern Ontario are one of the best options available.

The specialty of Canada lies in fresh seafood, steak, poutine, maple syrup, Montreal smoked meat, British Columbian roll, Beaver Tails and Nanaimo bars. Canada’s largest wine-producing areas are the Okanagan valley in British Columbia and the Niagara peninsula in Ontario. A particular specialty is ice wine, of which Canada is the world’s largest producer.

To conclude, getting into Canada for educational or job prospects gives you a wide range of opportunities to explore and learn. It’s not just the high standard of living that draws students and professionals in. Whether you’re attracted to the bright lights and fast pace of the big city or to miles and miles of unspoiled wilderness; glaciered mountains or lush forests; the rustic and traditional or the sleek and modern, this huge and incredibly diverse country has something for everyone.

What Do I Need To Know About Australia?

Australia is a country comprising of the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. But because of low population density, ranked 52nd in terms of population. It is located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. The country is home to a wide variety of wildlife but famous for the Kangaroos.

Population & Economy (2015)
Population: 23.9 million
Urbanization94.8%
Current GDP: 1.62 trillion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 5%
Average Income: $79,767 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 8%

Weather & Climate
Australia's climate is governed largely by its size and by the hot, sinking air of the subtropical high-pressure belt. Much of the northern part of the country has a tropical, predominantly summer-rainfall (monsoon) climate. The south-west corner of the country has a Mediterranean climate. Much of the south-east (including Tasmania) is temperate. Climate change in Australia is a highly contentious issue. Temperatures in the country have risen following an increasing trend of global warming.

Education
As far as education is concerned, Australia is home to some of the best universities in the world. Universities in Australia are known to be extremely keen on internationalization, and are well-prepared to welcome high numbers of international students each year.

Some of the top universities of Australia are Australian National University, University of Melbourne, University of Sydney, University of New South Wales, University of Queensland, Monash University, University of Western Australia, University of Adelaide and Macquarie University.

Employment Prospects
Australia's diverse and welcoming attitude is matched by its economic growth. Australia is keen to attract skilled workers in a variety of sectors. Graduates at all levels generally enjoy a low unemployment rate and have better labor market outcomes and salaries than non-graduates. Industries that offer more opportunities for young workers include: accommodation and food services, construction, health and social care, manufacturing and retail. The highest graduate starting salaries can be found in: dentistry, earth sciences, engineering, mathematics, medicine and optometry.

Things To Do
Australia is full of attractive places for tourists from visiting landmarks to playing water sports to watching shows and concerts to enjoying outdoor activities. The cities of Melbourne, Hobart, Adelaide, Perth, etc. are well known for scenic sights and tourist attractions. Sydney is famous for the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Australia is home to some of the best beaches of the world. You can also enjoy spending your nights in clubbing or partying in Australia. Melbourne and Sydney are two of the best places in the world to do that.

Top ten places to visit in Australia are:

  1. Melbourne is Australia’s second most populated city located near the southeastern tip of Australia. Melbourne is considered the nation’s cultural capital as well as an important port. A well-planned city known for its shopping, fine restaurants and sports venues, Melbourne is the ideal destination for travelers who appreciate the good life.
  2. Sydney is located on Australia’s southeastern coast. A modern city with a long history, Sydney is defined by its scenic harbor. Sydney Harbour Bridge and Opera House are two most famous landmarks in Sydney. The most popular seaside spot is Bondi.
  3. Great Barrier Reef. One of the top destinations for underwater explorers and scuba divers, the Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest barrier reef system. It is located in the Coral Sea off the coast of Australia’s state of Queensland. Formed by millions of living organisms over a period of millions of years, the Reef is now one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world and of the best places to visit in Australia.
  4. Cairns: For its tropical climate, easy-going ambiance and close proximity to the Great Barrier Reef, Cairns is one of Australia’s most popular vacation destinations. Located on the northwest corner of Australia, Cairns is a provincial but stylish city. Few coastal destinations feature more wildlife diversity and more opportunities for travel adventures than pretty Cairns.
  5. Alice Springs. Located in the heart of Australia about 1500 km from the nearest major city, Alice Springs is comprised of cavernous gorges, boundless desert landscapes, remote aboriginal communities and a charming pioneering history. It embodies the hardy outback of the Red Centre, and is a travel hub for sights and hikes in the region, such as Uluru/Ayers Rock, Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) and Kings Canyon.
  6. Byron Bay. Byron Bay is a beachside town located in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The town has several beaches which are popular for surfing. It is a resort popular with both domestic and international tourists, the scenery also attracts skydivers.
  7. Perth. Located on Australia’s southwestern coastline, Perth has developed its own unique character. There’s a youthful atmosphere and a fun-loving attitude in this city with countless bars, clubs and backpacker hostels all over the city.
  8. Hobart is the capital city of the Australian island of Tasmania. There are many fine examples of Georgian and Victorian architecture in Hobart, such as Salamanca Place, which has a terrace of warehouses dating back to the whaling days of the 1830s. It has a mild temperate oceanic climate, with four distinct seasons.
  9. Brisbane is the capital of the state of Queensland. Brisbane’s year-round warm climate, spectacular scenery and pleasant locals have been the draw-cards for many domestic and international visitors, making Brisbane the fastest-growing city in Australia.
  10. Adelaide. Located on a plain between the rolling Adelaide Hills and the Gulf St Vincent it is historically known as the City of Churches and much of the architecture in the inner city is retained from the colonial era. There are many international cultural fairs, most notably the German Schützenfest and Greek Glendi. Adelaide is home to the Adelaide Christmas Pageant, the world's largest Christmas parade.

 

Food & Drinks
Australia’s food and drink is world class, with seafood being an integral part of the cuisine. Production of organic foods is also rising to meet demand, and there are fine dining restaurants throughout the larger cities.

Bush tucker from Australia's endemic flora and fauna can be delicious; Steak, prawns and beer tend to feature prominently. Australia’s specialty lies in Sydney Rock Oysters, Barramundi, Moreton Bay Bugs, Macadamia Nuts, Kangaroo, Meat pie and Dagwood Dog. Australia is also famous for sparkling wine and craft beer.

To conclude, getting into Australia for educational or job prospects gives you a wide range of opportunities to explore and learn. It’s not just the high standard of living that draws students and professionals in. Whether you’re atracted to the bright lights and fast pace of the big city or to miles and miles of unspoiled wilderness; the rustic and traditional or the sleek and modern, this huge and incredibly diverse country has something for everyone.

What Do I Need To Know About France?

France, officially the French Republic, is a sovereign state comprising of territory in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.  It extends from the Mediterranean Sea in the south to the English Channel and the Atlantic in the north. It is a unitary semi-presidential republic with it’s capital Paris being the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial center.

Population, Demography & Economy (2015)
Population: 66.5 million
Urbanization: 78.4%
Current GDP: 2.4 trillion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 1.2%
Average Income: $42,950 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 10.3% 

Weather & Climate
The climate of France is generally cold in winter and mild in summer, but mild winters and hot summers are usual along the Mediterranean Sea and in the South West of France. Lots of the snow falls in winter in the Mountainous regions like the Alps, Pyrenees and Auvergne. July and August are considered the peak of summer.

Education
France’s strong academic and artistic tradition continues in the modern day; there are few countries which invest as much in research and education. The nation’s two leading universities are Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris and Ecole Polytechnique ParisTech.

France is also known for its strong contingent of specialized business schools. Notable examples include ESCP Europe, ESSEC Business School, HEC Paris and INSEAD.

Employment Prospects
Like in many European countries, the majority of the workforce in France is employed in the services sector (about 80%). Of the remainder, around 18% are employed in industry and 2% in agriculture. The French agriculture and industrial sectors are always looking for new recruits to fill a wide range of jobs, many of which are seasonal.

Healthcare professionals are in high demand due to an increasing need for medical treatment. France has a strong tourism industry - it's actually the most visited country in the world, with over 75 million tourists heading there each year. If you want to find a job in France, speaking French is important. If you don’t speak French, it is hard to find anything.

Things To Do
France is full of attractive places for tourists from enviable beauty to refined architecture to cultural sophistication to infectious romance. France remains the planet’s most visited tourist destination, meriting its standing with an almost overwhelming mass of historical treasures, storybook landscapes and cultural idiosyncrasies. The country’s natural gifts are striking, with white sands, hulking mountains and swathes of rolling countryside. The annual sporting showcase Tour de France remains the world’s biggest cycling event, and the route itself tends to travel through some of the most picturesque parts of the country.

Top ten places to visit in France are:

  1. Paris. Anywhere that boasts the Musee du Louvre, Eiffel Tower, Arc de Triomphe, Sacre-Coeur and Notre Dame Cathedral is more than just another city. Equal parts chic, edgy and drop-dead beautiful, Paris is always cosmopolitan, ever-changing and unmissable.
  2. Mont Saint Michel is a rocky island surrounded by tidal waters 1 km off the coast of Normandy. Where the forces of nature meet the artistry of medieval architecture and Brittany melts with Normandy, there rises one of the first sites to obtain UNESCO World Heritage listing.
  3. Carcassonne. Almost too picture-perfect to be true, the fortified town of Carcassonne is home to a wealth of monuments from different eras. A visit to the fortified settlement is a true step back in time. Its narrow cobblestoned streets, medieval buildings, and little squares filled with atmospheric restaurants make for a unique experience you're going to love.
  4. French Riviera. Located on the French coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the French Riviera (Cote d’ Azur) is the playground for the international tourists. Riviera is famous for the glamour of St. Tropez, Monaco or the Cannes Film Festival.
  5. Bordeaux. Built upon the River Garonne just half an hour inland of the Atlantic Ocean, Bordeaux is a major port city stuffed with fine architecture, historic sites, exceptional shopping and a world-class arts and culture scene.
  6. Le Val de Loire (The Loire Valley). The twisting Loire cuts through the landscape of rolling hills and rocky protrusions to provide a soothing spectacle of nature, and set stage for a stupefying fit of architecture. It is a popular tourist destination regarded for its spectacular scenery, splendid chateaux, picturesque vineyards and historic villages.
  7. La Valle de Chamonix (The Chamonix Valley). A magnet for winter sport fans, summer hikers and serious climbers, Chamonix is France’s mountain resort par excellence. Backdropped by the monumental wall of Mt Blanc, the Chamonix valley is a year-round paradise not only for enthusiasts of outdoor sports, but for anyone who appreciates a speck of history wrapped in heart-melting vistas.
  8. Lyon. Located in east-central France, Lyon is known for its historic architecture, gastronomy and vibrant cultural scene. Art museums, a vibrant clubbing scene, riverside walks, fabled restaurant scene and a historical old town, all add to its considerable appeal.
  9. Marseille. One of Europe’s oldest cities and France’s second largest city, Marseille is a major Mediterranean seaport located off the southeast coast of France. One of Marseille’s best natural attractions, the Calanques are a series of small inlets with astonishing blue water and majestic limestone cliffs.
  10. Alsace. Stretching from Marlenheim to Thann, winding through endless terraced vineyards and flower-decked adorable villages, passing medieval castles and myriad free degustation spots, Alsace's Wine Route cannot be missed on any account. A gloriously scenic 170km drive through hushed, hilly countryside – is arguably the most atmospheric of the lot.


Food & Drinks
From the baking aromas wafting from its traditional village boulangeries to the Michelin-starred fussiness of its gourmet restaurants, France has an almost unparalleled reputation for its food. Much of its prestige comes from the quality of its regional specialties. Some of the world famous French dishes include Bouillabaisse, Salad Niçoise and Ratatouille of Marseille; Cassoulet of Toulouse, Quenelles de brochet of Lyon; Boeuf bourgignon of Bordeaux; Crepes of Brittany; Calvados of Normandy.

Wine is the most popular alcoholic drink in France. Champagne is just reserved for special occasions. Pastis, a popular aperitif is found everywhere that alcohol is served.

To conclude, getting into France for educational or job prospects gives you a wide range of opportunities to explore and learn. It’s not just the high standard of living that draws students and professionals in. Whether you’re attracted to the bright lights and fast pace of the big city or to miles and miles of unspoiled beauty; the rustic and traditional or the sleek and modern, this country has something for everyone.

What Do I Need To Know About Germany?

Germany officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a sovereign state and federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. Germany is a developed country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled and productive society. After the United States, it is the second most popular human migration destination. The country has a largely temperate seasonal climate.

Population, Demography & Economy (2015)
Population: 89.9 million
Urbanization: 81.6%
Current GDP: 3.4 trillion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 1.5%
Average Income: $47,590 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 4.5% 

Weather & Climate
Germany's climate is moderate, characterized by warm summers and cold winters. Prolonged periods of frost or snow are rare. Rain falls throughout the year, with much of Germany experiencing its maximum rainfall over the high summer months.

Education
Germany is home to some of the best Universities in the world. Universities are known to be extremely keen on globalization, and are well-prepared to welcome high numbers of international students each year.

Globally recognized top universities in Germany include Technical University of Munich, Heidelberg University, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Free University of Berlin, University of Freiburg, University of Hamburg and Eberhard Karls University Tubingen.

Employment Prospects
This densely populated country houses the largest economy in Europe. The German job market is generally strong and employment is high for skilled workers coming into the country, specifically in engineering, manufacturing and the IT sectors.

Germany is highly industrialized with manufacturing setting the foundation of the German economy. The sectors in demand include engineering, science, IT, health and vocational experts. Some top Germany based multi-national companies include llianz, BMW, Siemens, Adidas and Volkswagen.

Things To Do
Best known for its famous Oktoberfest and World War II history, Germany is also home to some of Europe’s most beautiful scenery, fairytale castles, important historic sites and lively party scenes. The juxtaposition of its medieval spirit against cutting-edge industrialism makes it a destination to be explored. Hilly and forested, it brings to life legends of chivalry that have long dwelt in the staggering fortresses. Intellectual and refined, it glorifies the memory of Einstein, Beethoven and Goethe amidst countless museums, historic buildings, and quaint old town quarters. Fun-loving and progressive, it brims with cultural events and excels among the European capitals as far as nightlife goes.

Top ten places to visit in Germany are:

  1. Berlin.A federal state and the capital of Germany, Berlin is widely associated with its World War II history and former division of East and West Germany by the Berlin Wall during the Cold War. Berlin today is now a vast, unified city diverse in ethnic groups and abundant in sightseeing attractions, culture and nightlife. Many tourists are drawn to Berlin’s famous historic structures, which include the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag.
  2. Munich. Best known as the origin of the world famous Oktoberfest, Munich is one of the best places to visit in Germany with a great cultural scene. Munich is home to several sophisticated opera houses and theaters like the National Theatre. The city center is an attractive blend of classic and modern architecture, teeming in historic churches, medieval walls and royal palaces as well as bustling shopping centers and nightlife venues.
  3. Neuschwanstein.Rising from the Bavarian woods like a fairytale castle behind seven mountains and seven seas, this blueprint for Disneyland's Sleeping Beauty Castle is unbelievable like the existence of seven dwarfs and enchanting like the delicate beauty of Snow White. The most photographed building in Germany, Neuschwanstein Castle, is also one of Europe’s most popular tourist destinations.
  4. Berchtesgaden National Park. This is beauty in its purest form. Nature has developed freely almost without a touch of a human hand, and produced an alpine heaven of lush forests, steep rock faces, crystal clear lakes, sleepy villages, and rolling meadows.
  5. Rhine Valley. This region features a spectacular landscape dotted with some 40 medieval castles, picturesque villages and terraced vineyards. The region’s most famous natural attraction is the Lorelei.
  6. Heidelberg. Boasting a glorious woodland setting on the broad Neckar River, Heidelberg draws large numbers of visitors for its formidable renaissance castle, cozy cafes and literature-culture with bookshops, poetry events and academic happenings.
  7. Dresden is a soothing and stimulating landscape with a number of historic sites like the stunning Frauenkirche cathedral. The city also boasts many cultural institutions of which the Semper Opera is most widely esteemed.
  8. Cologne is one of the most popular places to visit in Germany. The city offers a vibrant array of attractions, buzzing nightlife and a stellar arts and culture scene. Cologne also packs impressive landmarks such as the city’s informal symbol, the Cologne Cathedral, a stunning Gothic church.
  9. Rugen Island Located in the Baltic Sea, Rugen Island is the largest island in Germany, connected to the mainland by the Rugen Bridge and Rugen Causeway. Charming villas, romantic seaside resorts and beautiful beaches all draw tourists to Rugen Island, but the star attraction is the Jasmund National Park, famous for its unique chalk cliffs rising 528 feet over the sea.
  10. Black Forest is a dense, green mountain range in the southwest. Hiking is the best way to explore the photogenic beauty and sky-high peaks of this national park, while the forest is also home to a large number of small character-rich towns, including Triberg im Schwarzwald, which is home to the world’s largest cuckoo clock.


Food & Drinks
German food is rich, substantial and delicious, with each region having its own specialty dishes and traditional cuisine. The archetypal German snack is still cooked sausage (wurst) with a bread roll, but all those clichés about German food being nothing more than stodge and cholesterol are very much outdated. You won’t have to look far to find pretzels, sauerkraut or schnitzel, of course, but there’s genuine reinvention and creativity behind much of the cuisine these days.

Special food items in Germany are Apfelstrudel, Bratwurst, Eintopf, Kasespatzle, Lebkuchen, Kartoffelpuffer, Rote grutze, Sauerbraten and Brezel. Beer, wine and brandies are the most popular drinks in Germany. There are literally thousands of varieties of German beer on offer, from Weissbier to Kölsch to Altbier.

To conclude, getting into Germany for educational or job prospects gives you a wide range of opportunities to explore and learn. It’s not just the high standard of living that draws students and professionals in. Whether you’re attracted to the bright lights and fast pace of the big city or to miles and miles of unspoiled greenery; the rustic and traditional or the sleek and modern, this incredibly diverse country has something for everyone.

What Do I Need To Know About Spain?

Spain officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Spain is a democracy organized in the form of a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a developed country with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP. The climate of Spain is diverse varying according to geographical situation and orographic conditions. 

Population, Demography & Economy (2015)
Population: 48.1 million
Urbanization: 81.1%
Current GDP: 1.2 trillion USD (in Q2 2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 3.1%
Average Income: $26,259 per household (2014)
Unemployment Rate: 21.4%

Weather & Climate
Spain's climate varies from temperate in the north to dry and hot in the south. As it is a big country with varying terrain and altitudes, climate can be extremely distinctive from one corner to another. Northern Spain generally experiences colder temperatures than the South, while Central Spain stays hot and dry due to its location on a plateau.

Education
Spain has a long history of higher education, with its oldest university, Universidad de Salamanca, dating back to 1218. Its higher education system was overhauled in 2007 to embrace the three-cycle system of the Bologna Process, ensuring compatibility with the European Higher Education Area. The largest concentrations of leading Spanish universities are found in capital city Madrid and second city Barcelona.

The highest-ranked Spanish university is the University of Barcelona. Other top universities include Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, University Complutense Madrid, University of Navarra and Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

Employment Prospects
If you are an expatriate looking for work in Spain, it may appear that there are only a handful of suitable jobs and a large number of job-seekers.  However, it is possible to find employment if you know where to look for work, particularly for those with specialist skills.  Skilled trade workers, engineers and those experienced in the finance sector are highly in demand.

There are also plenty of opportunities if you want to be a teacher of foreign languages, especially English. Learning Spanish will be invaluable to your job hunt and would definitely increase the number of opportunities available to you. Spain has a strong tourism industry. With a high percentage of British tourists visiting Spain during the summer months, there is always a need for English-speaking workers in many of the hotspots. 

Things To Do
Spain is full of attractive places for tourists. From the ancient monuments left by the Romans and Moors, the medieval castles of the interior, the white villages in inland Andalucía or the vibrant cities of Barcelona and Madrid, there is a great mixture of cultural attractions in Spain. Besides mesmerizing architectural heritage and soothing natural beauty, what makes Spain exciting is the busyness of El Rastro flea market in Madrid, the nightlife frenzy of Barrio del Carmen in Valencia, the fun of La Tomatina festival in Buñol, the terror of Pamplona Bull Running, the week-long spectacle of flamenco during La Feria de Sevilla, the fiesta and siesta, the taste of tapas and wine, and finally, the corrida.

Top ten places to visit in Spain are:

  1. The Alhambra is one of Spain’s major tourist attractions and many visitors come to Granada just to see the Alhambra. Part fortress, part palace and part garden the Alhambra was constructed in the 14th century by the Nasrid sultans. Alhambra is a supreme creation of Moorish Spain, featuring majestic Arabic gates, intricate carvings and patios – Spain’s most significant Islamic architecture.
  2. Barcelona. Located in northeastern Spain, Barcelona is one of the country’s top travel destinations because it offers everything tourists look for in a European city from historic architecture to lively shopping, vibrant culture and buzzing nightlife. Unique to Barcelona are the architectural marvels of Spain’s famous architect, Antoni Gaudi, which include the Casa Batllo and the famous Sagrada Familia church.
  3. Madrid is the capital of Spain widely known for its sizzling nightlife scene. Things one can never miss in Madrid are Museu del Prado, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Picasso's famous Guernica, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid's Royal Palace, Puerta del Sol and Madrid's historic square, the Plaza Mayor.
  4. Balearic Islands are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. The four largest islands are Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera. Altogether, they make for a combination that can serve as a faithful insular reflection of continental Spain - versatile, untrammeled, fun, and beautiful.
  5. Mezquita of Cordoba is a fascinating building famous for the forest of pillars and arches inside the main hall. The site was originally a Roman temple, then a Visigothic church, before the Umayyad Moors built the Mezquita. After the Spanish Reconquista a cathedral was built into the center of the large Moorish building.
  6. Canary Islands are located just off the southern coast of Morocco in the Atlantic. They are popular for their beautiful beaches, mild climate and important natural attractions, especially the Maspalomas Dunes in Gran Canaria and the Teide Volcano in Tenerife.
  7. Seville. Exceptional tourist attractions, lively festivals and buzzing nightlife all make Seville one of the best places to visit in Spain. The city is home to many beautiful and important historic landmarks, chief of which is the grand Cathedral of Seville, where it is believed that Christopher Columbus is buried. Another significant building is the Real Alcazar, an extravagant Moorish palace with luxurious gardens.
  8. Valencia is located in the eastern part of the country. The most impressive landmark is a massive cultural and entertainment complex known as the City of Arts and Science. Contained within this complex are several buildings such as a science museum, planetarium and aquarium that are each artistic marvels in and of themselves. Every March, Valencia hosts the Fallas Festival where each neighborhood displays papier-mâché figures of all sizes and colors.
  9. Toledo is a popular destination for its wealth of historic art and architecture that dates back to the Roman Empire dominated by the magnificent cathedral and Alcázar. Because it was inhabited by Jews, Christians and Muslims for many centuries, the city is sometimes called the “City of Three Cultures.”
  10. San Sebastian is located in the Basque country of North Spain off the coast of the Bay of Biscay. San Sebastian boasts also some of the best beaches in Europe with the most popular of these being Playa de la Concha, which offers sunbathing and water activities like swimming, kayaking and water skiing. The Old Town features many historic buildings reconstructed in the 19th century after the city was nearly destroyed during the Napoleonic Wars.


Food & Drinks
Spain's eating and drinking culture is one of its greatest attractions, and a very sociable one too. The Spaniards take their food seriously be it diner-style menus del dia (menus of the day) or elaborate, nouveau cuisine in gourmet restaurants. Food is generally dictated by the seasons, whichever corner of the country you go to.

An excellent way to understand different facets of Spanish cuisine is to sample tapas, small snacks served with drinks in local bars across the country. They can range from gourmet canapés to simple plates of olives, cheeses and cured meats, and may be charged or given for free. Spain’s specialty lies in dishes like Gazpacho, Tortilla Española, Gambas al ajillo, Paella, Croquetas, etc. Spanish drinks have also brewed up quite a storm worldwide – from the thirst-quenching sangria to bubbly Cava to the sophisticated Rioja wine. Top wines include Sherry, Rioja and Cava.

To conclude, getting into Spain for educational or job prospects gives you a wide range of opportunities to explore and learn. This is a country of contrasts, where the affluence and cosmopolitan bustle of Western Europe is mixed with a distinctly southern European extravagance and charm; where an expressive and flamboyant culture segues into afternoon naps and languid evenings in bars and cafés; and where distinct regional identities often take precedence over a unified national one.

Top High School Degrees

  • IB
  • A-Level
  • ICGSE
  • CBSE
  • ICSE
  • ISC
  • AP

The IBDP (International Baccalaureate Diploma Program) is a two-year academic program designed for students in grades 11 and 12 (aged 16 -19).  It is a challenging and rigorous program that prepares students for college life and beyond.  It is also an internationally recognized and accepted qualification for entry into higher education.

The IBDP provides a holistic approach to learning and develops both disciplinary and interdisciplinary understanding.  In addition to academic excellence, it encourages independent learning, inquiry, risk-taking, caring, open-mindedness and intercultural understanding.  It strives to develop ‘global’ citizens with positive attitudes towards respect and the ability to evaluate a range of viewpoints.

Program Overview

  • Curriculum. The curriculum is made up of 6 subject groups and the core, consisting of theory of knowledge (TOK); creativity, activity, service (CAS); and the extended essay.
  • 6 Subject Groups. Students have a vast range of subjects to choose from each of the six groups, which includes at least two languages. Three of the subjects are studied at a higher level (HL), and three areas are studied at a standard level (SL).  SL courses generally encompass 150 hours of teaching (classroom time) and HL courses encompass 240 hours. Thus, the curriculum exposes the student to both depth and breadth of knowledge and understanding.
  • Theory of Knowledge (TOK) is a course on critical thinking. It teaches students how to make creative connections across traditional academic disciplines and explores the nature of knowledge.  It encourages critical thinking and a coherent approach to learning.  As part of TOK, each student has to write an essay, past titles include: 1) “There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.” 2) “To what extent are areas of knowledge shaped by their past? Consider with reference to two areas of knowledge.”
  • Creativity, activity, service (CAS) enhances personal and interpersonal development by encouraging students to engage in a range of experiential and service-learning activities including fundraising, community service, tutoring and much more. It provides a ‘counterbalance’ to the academic rigour inherent to the program, and nurtures both the local and global community spirit in students. Examples of student engagement in each of the areas include: 1) Creativity – School plays, music lessons & performance, painting 2) Activity – rock climbing, sailing, yoga 3) Service – tutoring, old age home visits, mentorship programs.
  • The Extended Essay is an in-depth and independent research project into an area of student interest. It can be up to 4,000 words long and is externally assessed.  The essay takes the student on a journey of intellectual creativity and discovery, and promotes extensive research and writing skills.

How does it compare to other qualifications?

The IB diploma program is a comprehensive learning platform that encourages a holistic approach.  It cultivates physical, intellectual, emotional and ethical strengths.  Students study a range of subjects, and support their academics through their core involvement.  Students study at least two languages to increase the understanding of cultures, including their own. The program fosters a positive attitude to learning and inculcates a broad range of attitudes and skills that prepare students for higher education. 

To conclude, the IBDP is an integrated learning experience - not only does it emphasize academic strength in a range of academic subjects, but also fosters positive attitude towards learning and responsibility towards your community.

The General Certificate of Education (GCE) Advanced Level, or A-Level, is a secondary school leaving qualification. It is equivalent to the higher secondary education but the students can sit for it only if they have completed their GCSEs. It is an internationally recognized and accepted qualification for entry into higher education.

The A-Level is a rigorous program that place more emphasis on individual subject knowledge yielding depth of knowledge in your subject areas. It means pupils aiming for degrees in the sciences, mathematics, or subjects with a high science content, such as engineering or medicine, might find doing A-levels better to prepare for the competitive exams.

Program Overview

  • Curriculum. A-levels consist of two equally weighted parts; AS, assessed in the first year of study, and A2, assessed in the second year of study. Each part comprises two modules, or three for science subjects and Mathematics. The modules within each part may have different weights. Modules are either assessed by exam papers marked by national organizations, or by school-assessed, externally moderated coursework.
  • AS or A1 is assessed in the first year of study. The AS modules together can be awarded as a stand-alone qualification called an AS-level. The minimum number of A-level exams/ subjects required in AS is three. Although the number of subjects taken by students can vary. A typical route is to study four subjects at AS level and then drop down to three at A2 level.
  • A2 is assessed in the second year of study. The A2 modules do not form a qualification in their own right; the satisfactory completion of the AS and A2 modules in the same subject is required to constitute a complete A-level. Typically students take 3-4 exams in A2 Level but there is no limit set on the number of A Levels one can study, and a number of students take five or more A Levels.

The newly introduced GCE Applied A-level suite, generally has a more vocational twist. For example, the new GCE A-level in Applied Business combines the traditional theory-based subject 'Business Studies' and adds a more practical and hands-on approach to it. In this case, for the mandatory modules in the AS year, the candidate is expected to create a simulated Marketing Proposal (module 1) and Recruitment and motivational package (module 2) as opposed to just studying the processes. This essentially asks the candidate to show a more thorough insight by actually applying the theory.

Assessment

The assessment criteria vary from subject to subject under the uniform mark scheme (UMS). Under this scheme, four-module A levels have a maximum mark of 400 UMS (or 200 UMS each for AS and A2), and six-module A levels have a maximum mark of 600. The pass grades for A Levels are, from highest to lowest, A*, A, B, C, D and E. For passing grades, 40% corresponds to an E grade, 50% a D, 60% a C, 70% a B, and 80% an A. Achieving less than 40% results in a U (unclassified).

The A* grade was introduced for higher education entry into highly competitive courses, and is awarded to candidates who average 80% UMS across all modules, with an average score of at least 90% UMS in A2 modules. There is no A* grade at AS level

Pros & Cons

A- Level can be thought of as a hard core learning based study curriculum, where students are expected to study thoroughly and acquire knowledge in a competitive format. Students who thrive in a knowledge-based learning environment are the ideal fit for A-Levels.

Benefits of the A-Level program include:

  • The program allows you to rigorously study 3-4 different modules.
  • A-Level graduates are truly college ready. As the program fosters a variety of academic and non-academic knowledge, skills and abilities, they provide the ideal platform for a successful transition from high school to college.

However:

  • Students enrolled in the A-Level do tend to pay a higher fees compared to other Indian qualifications.
  • Some students struggle with the level of organization and time management required for the academic and non-academic commitment.
  • Every student learns differently, especially if from a young age they have been part of one style or system and are now asked to submerge themselves in another. For some, the transition is seamless or minimal, however for those who are more comfortable with the rote learning methodology it may be difficult to excel in this environment.

Conclusion

The A-Level is a knowledge focused learning experience. As students focus on 3-4 subjects, as opposed to 6 at the IB level, it provides a more concentrated education program versus an all-rounder approach the IB program inculcates.

The IGCSE is a two-year academic program designed for students in grades 9 and 10 (aged 14 -16).  It is an academically rigorous, internationally used, specialized, English language curriculum that is offered to students to prepare them for the International Baccalaureate, A-levels or other equivalent programs.  It is recognized by academic institutions and employers around the world and is considered by many institutions as equivalent to the standard GCSE.

Program Overview

The IGCSE curriculum offers a variety of routes for learners with a wide range of abilities. There are over 70 subjects available in the IGCSE Program, including 30 languages, and schools can offer them in any combination. Students typically sit for seven to nine subjects in one session.

The core subjects are First Language, Second Language, Mathematics and Sciences (Physics, Biology, Chemistry). Students can also choose other subjects ranging from Social Sciences (commonly Accounting, Business Studies, Economics, Sociology) to Arts & Technology (commonly Computer Studies, Information & Communication Technology (ICT), Art & Design).

IGCSE provides a broad and flexible study program. Most IGCSE subjects offer a choice of tiered examinations: Core or Extended papers, and Foundation or Higher papers. This is designed to make IGCSE suitable for students with varying levels of ability.

It is a qualification based on individual subjects of study, which means that one receives an "IGCSE" qualification for each subject one takes.

Assessment

IGCSE assessment takes place at the end of the course and can include written, oral, coursework and practical assessment. This broadens opportunities for students to demonstrate their learning.

The IGCSE follows a predominantly exam-based assessment, meaning they are not actual certified "courses", but rather exams that test knowledge in individual subjects.

Grades are benchmarked using eight internationally recognized grades, A* to G, which have clear guidelines to explain the standard of achievement for each grade.

Cambridge IGCSE examination sessions occur twice a year, in June and November. Results are issued in August and January.

How does it compare to other qualifications?

The IGCSE program is a comprehensive learning platform.  IGCSEs are known for developing vital educational knowledge, understanding and skills.  In addition to academic excellence, it encourages independent learning, inquiry, and intercultural understanding to keep pace with educational developments and trends.  It strives to force the students to probe further into concepts rather than just have them simply state facts.

The program fosters a positive attitude to learning and inculcates a broad range of attitudes and skills that prepare students for higher education.

Pros & Cons

Benefits of the IGCSE program include:

  • There are over 70 subjects available and the program allows you to choose your study subjects and make a combination of your own based on your interests.
  • IGCSE helps improve performance by developing skills in creative thinking, enquiry and problem solving. It is the perfect springboard to advanced study.
  • Development of learner knowledge, understanding and skills in:
  • Subject content
  • Applying knowledge and understanding to new as well as unfamiliar situations
  • Intellectual enquiry
  • Flexibility and responsiveness to change
  • Working and communicating in English
  • Influencing outcomes
  • Cultural awareness.

However:

  • Students enrolled in the IGCSE do tend to pay higher fees compared to other Indian qualifications.
  • Some students struggle with the level of organization and time management required to balance both the academic and non-academic commitment.
  • Every student learns differently, especially if from a young age they have been part of one style or system and are now asked to submerge themselves in another. For some, the transition is seamless or minimal, however for those who are more comfortable with the rote learning methodology it may be difficult to excel in this environment.

Conclusion

The IGCSE is an integrated learning experience - not only does it emphasize academic strength in a range of academic subjects, but also fosters positive attitude towards learning and responsibility towards your community.

Top Undergraduate Degrees

  • Bachelor of Science
  • Bachelor of Arts
  • Bachelor of Business Administration
  • Bachelor of Management Studies
  • Bachelor of Fine Arts
  • Bachelor of Architecture

A Bachelor of Science (commonly abbreviated as a B.S. or B.Sc.) is a globally recognized academic degree
awarded to undergraduates for completion of their course. The degree generally takes three to five years
to complete, but will vary depend on the country, institution, subject area and courses selected.
Programs resulting in a Bachelor of Science degree are generally more strictly focused on their subject
matter and students are expected to concentrate their academic energies on mastering the technical and
practical facets of their field. Bachelor of Science degrees are usually offered in technical and scientific
areas like computer science, nursing, mathematics, biochemistry, and physics.

Overview

  • Recognition. Globally recognized.
  • Duration. Typically 3-5 years.
  • Subjects. There are several fields that are almost always considered to be sciences and thus
    award Bachelor of Science degrees. These fields include, biology, biochemistry, chemistry, physics,
    earth science, social science, general science, mathematics, sport/exercise science, computer
    science and almost all fields of engineering.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be
    continual assessment that makes the final grade. For others, it may be a heavily weighted final
    exam.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Global Differences

The Bachelor of Science degree is awarded across the globe, and two of the main differences tend to
be: the duration of the degree and subject selection.

In both the United States and Canada, the Bachelor of Science degree typically takes four years to
complete and is awarded for the completion of undergraduate studies in mathematics, engineering,
computer science, physical sciences, economics, and related fields. Less frequently the B.S.
designation is applied to professional studies in the areas of business, nursing, medicine, law,
hospitality, or architecture.

In Britain and Ireland, as in the United States and Canada, a Bachelor of Science is typically awarded
upon the successful completion of an undergraduate program in one or more fields of the sciences.
The completion period for the degree may vary by country, subject field, and school.

Additionally in the UK, there is an Honours designation added to the Undergraduate degree. The
B.Sc. or B.S. is awarded for passing an ‘ordinary’ undergraduate major or program. The B.Sc. (Hons) is
awarded for the completion of an honours degree, which requires students to demonstrate superior
academic performance (as opposed to accepting a ‘pass’ grade) and in some cases an extra year of
honours studies.

Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science?

Prospective students trying to chart their course through college might be wondering what is the
difference between a B.A. and a B.S. The primary difference between the two types of degrees is the
focus of the coursework students are required to complete in order to earn them.

A Bachelor of Science degree typically focuses on science-related disciplines whereas a Bachelor of
Arts focuses on liberal arts programs. However what is considered to be an art of science may vary
from institution to institution.

To cite some examples:

A particular subject, for example Economics, can be awarded a Bachelor of Science at one institution,
a Bachelor of Arts at another institution or have the option of one or the other based on the
curriculum selected. The University of Nottingham allows students to tailor their module choices in
the Economics major to graduate with either a B.Sc. or B.A.

In the UK, the London School of Economics offers a B.Sc. degree in nearly all subject areas, even those
usually associated with an arts degree. On the other hand, University of Oxford almost exclusively
awards arts qualifications. Thus, in both instances, there are historical and traditional reasons for the
differences.

In the US, Northwestern University's School of Communication grants B.Sc. degrees in all of its
programs of study, including theater, dance, and radio/television/film. University of California,
Berkeley grants B.S. degree in Environmental Economics and Policy in College of Natural Resources,
and B.A. degree in Environmental Economics and Policy in College of Letters and Science.

The differences pose a very important question for students – what degree should I chose?

What degree is right for me?

Academically, both a B.A. and B.S. are equally valued. Both offer students an opportunity to gain
knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform for employment or postgraduate
studies. Students need to identify which is a better fit – which track caters to their chosen subject
and strengths in that major. The coursework required for a Bachelor of Arts degree generally allows
students to sharpen their communication and writing skills. By comparison, the demands of a
Bachelor of Science degree typically foster analytical skills and a detailed understanding of subject
matter.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify;

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study as it may only be offered as a B.A. or B.S.
  • Curriculum. The course content and teaching style for a B.A. in a subject vs. a B.S. may vary
    significantly from university to university.
  • Career options. Does the B.S. provide the right foundation for your future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do they have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. Maths?
  • Interest. Do they enjoy analytical classes or does their interest lie on the creative side?

A Bachelor of Science degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon graduation
the opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies. It is imperative that
students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in a program that
provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

A Bachelor of Arts (commonly abbreviated as a B.A.) is a globally recognized academic degree awarded to undergraduates for completion of their course. The degree generally takes three to four years to complete, but will vary depend on the country, institution, subject area and courses selected. Programs resulting in a Bachelor of Arts degree are generally more focused on practical implication, artistic skills, and students are expected to concentrate with a creative mind on mastering the technical and practical facets of their field. Bachelor of Arts degrees are usually offered in either the liberal arts, the sciences or both covering areas like social sciences, humanities, music or fine arts.

Overview

  • Recognition. Globally recognized.
  • Duration. Typically 3-4 years.
  • Subjects. There are several fields that are almost always considered to be arts and thus award Bachelor of Arts degrees. These fields include fine arts, art history, economics, linguistics, media and communications, geography, history, music, sociology, philosophy, psychology, etc.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be continual assessment that makes the final grade. For others, it may be a heavily weighted final exam. Generally, practical exam and work portfolio matters a lot in assessment.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Global Differences

The Bachelor of Arts degree is awarded across the globe, and two of the main differences tend to be: the duration of the degree and certification.

In the United States, the Bachelor of Arts degree typically takes four years to complete and is awarded for the completion of undergraduate studies in history, literature, language, humanities, social sciences, economics, philosophy, psychology and related fields. Less frequently the B.A. designation is applied to professional studies in the areas political science, law, or architecture.

In Britain and Ireland, as in the United States, a Bachelor of Arts is typically awarded upon the successful completion of an undergraduate program in one or more fields of the arts. The completion period for the degree is three years.

Additionally in the UK, Bachelor of Arts degrees are designated and awarded at two levels: BA for an ordinary/pass degree or B.A. (Hons.) for an honors degree. Honors degrees are always awarded at one of four levels: first-class degree, awarded to top performing students, an upper second-class degree (a 2:1 degree), a lower second-class degree (a 2:2 degree), and a third-class degree, awarded to those with the lowest academic performance.

In Canada, many institutions offer students the option of completing a 3-year or 4-year Bachelor of Arts degree. A traditional B.A. can be earned in just 3 years and is offered at most universities, while a Bachelor of Arts with Honors requires a minimum of four years of study.

Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science?

Prospective students trying to chart their course through college might be wondering what is the difference between a B.A. and a B.S. The primary difference between the two types of degrees is the focus of the coursework students are required to complete in order to earn them.

A Bachelor of Science degree typically focuses on science-related disciplines whereas a Bachelor of Arts focuses on liberal arts programs. However what is considered to be an art of science may vary from institution to institution.

To cite some examples:

A particular subject, for example Economics, can be awarded a Bachelor of Science at one institution, a Bachelor of Arts at another institution or have the option of one or the other based on the curriculum selected. The University of Nottingham allows students to tailor their module choices in the Economics major to graduate with either a B.Sc. or B.A.

In the UK, the London School of Economics offers a B.Sc. degree in nearly all subject areas, even those usually associated with an arts degree. On the other hand, University of Oxford almost exclusively awards arts qualifications. Thus, in both instances, there are historical and traditional reasons for the differences.

In the US, Northwestern University's School of Communication grants B.Sc. degrees in all of its programs of study, including theater, dance, and radio/television/film. University of California, Berkeley grants B.S. degree in Environmental Economics and Policy in College of Natural Resources, and B.A. degree in Environmental Economics and Policy in College of Letters and Science.

The differences pose a very important question for students – what degree should I chose?

What degree is right for me?

Academically, both a B.A. and B.S. are equally valued. Both offer students an opportunity to gain knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform for employment or postgraduate studies. Students need to identify which is a better fit – which track caters to their chosen subject and strengths in that major. The coursework required for a Bachelor of Arts degree generally allows students to sharpen their communication and writing skills. By comparison, the demands of a Bachelor of Science degree typically foster analytical skills and a detailed understanding of subject matter.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify;

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study as it may only be offered as a B.A. or B.S.
  • Curriculum. The course content and teaching style for a B.A. in a subject vs. a B.S. may vary significantly from university to university.
  • Career options. Does the B.A. provide the right foundation for your future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do they have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. history?
  • Interest. Do they enjoy analytical classes or does their interest lie on the creative side?

A Bachelor of Arts degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon graduation the opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies. It is imperative that students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in a program that provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

A Bachelor of Business Administration (commonly abbreviated as a BBA) is a globally recognized
academic degree awarded to undergraduates for completion of their course. The degree generally
takes three to four years to complete, but will vary depend on the country, institution, subject area and
courses selected. Programs resulting in a Bachelor of Business Administration are generally more
focused on their subject matter and students are expected to concentrate their academic energies on
mastering the technical and practical facets of their field. Bachelor of Business Administration degrees
are usually offered in areas like Accounting, finance, marketing, management, and public relations.

Overview

  • Recognition. Recognized in India, USA and some other countries. In the UK you earn a B.A. or
    B.Sc. in Business administration.
  • Duration. Typically 3-4 years.
  • Subjects. There are several fields that are almost always considered to be business
    administration and thus awarded Bachelor of Business Administration degrees. These include
    accounting, business law, economics, human resource, finance, marketing, and almost all fields
    of business.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be
    continual assessment that makes the final grade. For others, it may be a heavily weighted final
    exam.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Global Differences

The Bachelor of Business Administration degree is awarded across the globe except few places like
the UK. Two of the main differences tend to be: the duration of the degree and subject selection.
In both the United States and Canada, the Bachelor of Business Administration degree typically
takes four years to complete and is awarded for the completion of undergraduate studies in
related fields. Business administration programs teach students about advanced business skills,
corporate finance, and marketing and business administration principles.

In Britain and Ireland, business studies result in either B.A. or B.Sc. If your course study is more
focused on a particular field of business administration, then you would be awarded a B.Sc. (Hons.)
degree. While if your course study covers the general and broader aspects of business, it will result
in a B.A. (Hons.) degree. The completion period for the degree may vary by subject, field, and
school.

Bachelor of Business Administration or Bachelor of Business Management?

If you want to study in USA or Canada, the difference between a BBA and a BBM is in the
specialization. For example, a BBA is more specialized in administration aspects of business, while
a BBM specializes on management side of business including HR, operations and marketing.
The difference poses a very important question for students – what degree should I chose?

What degree is right for me?

Academically, the BBA, BBM, B.A. (Hons.) or B.Sc. (Hons.) are equally valued. All offer students an
opportunity to gain knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform for
employment or postgraduate studies. Students need to identify which is a better fit – which track
caters to their chosen subject and strengths in that major. The coursework required for a Bachelor
of Arts or Bachelor of Business Management degree generally allows students to sharpen their
general understandings of business and improve the essential soft skills. By comparison, the
demands of a Bachelor of Business Administration degree typically foster analytical skills and a
detailed understanding of subject matter.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify;

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study as it may only be offered as a BBA or BBM.
  • Curriculum. The course content and teaching style for a BBA in a subject vs. a BBM may
    vary significantly from university to university.
  • Career options. Does the BBA provide the right foundation for your future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do they have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. Mathematics?
  • Interest. Do they enjoy focused analytical classes or does their interest lie on the overall
    generalized view?

A BBA degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon graduation the
opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies. It is imperative that
students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in a program that
provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

A Bachelor of Management Studies (commonly abbreviated as a BMS) is a globally recognized
academic degree awarded to undergraduates for completion of their course. The degree generally
takes three to four years to complete, but will vary depend on the country, institution, subject area and
courses selected. Programs resulting in a Bachelor of Management Studies degree provide
comprehensive and practical management training through focus on building soft skills that are
essential to management. Students are expected to concentrate their academic energies on mastering
the technical and practical facets of their field. Bachelor of Management Studies degrees are usually
offered in organizational behavior and human resource management areas.

Overview

  • Recognition. Globally recognized; in some places the degree is earned under the name of
    Bachelor of Business & Management.
  • Duration. Typically 3-4 years.
  • Subjects. The subjects covered help students specialize in general management and provide
    exposure to subjects like business, finance, economics and marketing. The major areas include
    labor management, negotiation, conflict resolution, compensation systems, organizational
    behavior and development, microeconomics, and statistics.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be
    continual assessment that makes the final grade. For others, it may be a heavily weighted final
    exam. Generally, theoretical exam which will evaluate soft skills and work portfolio matters a
    lot in assessment.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Global Differences

The Bachelor of Management Studies degree is awarded across the globe under different names,
and two of the main differences tends to be: the duration of the degree and certification.

In the United States, it is called Bachelor of Business Management (BBM). It typically takes four
years to complete and is awarded for the completion of undergraduate studies in business, finance,
organizational behavior, strategic management, human resource, corporate social responsibility,
brand management, risk management and related fields. Less frequently the BBM designation is
applied to professional studies in the areas branding and advertising, consulting, relationship
management, global consumer culture, logistics and operations management, mergers and
acquisitions and virtual organizations.

In UK, Management Studies is completed either under B.A. or B.Sc. – i.e. a Business Management
B.A. (Hons.) degree or B.Sc. (Hons) Management. As in the United States, this equivalent degree is
typically awarded upon the successful completion of an undergraduate program in one or more
fields of management. The completion period for the degree is usually three years, but may extend
up to four years depending on the university and specialization or if you want to undertake a
project simultaneously.

In Canada, many institutions offer students the option of completing a 3-year or 4-year BMS
degree. Also common is the Bachelor’s degree programs in Business, Business Management,
Business Administration, Commerce and International Business with Hons. in Management.

Bachelor of Management Studies or Bachelor of Business Administration or Arts?

Prospective students trying to chart their course through college might be wondering what is the
difference between a BMS and a BBA or B.A. (hons.) Management. The primary difference
between these types of degrees is the focus of the coursework students are required to complete in
order to earn them.

A Bachelor of Management Studies degree typically focuses on management-related disciplines
whereas a Bachelor of Business Administration focuses on the business aspect of management.
However what is considered to be management or business management may vary from
institution to institution.

To cite some examples:

A particular subject, for example Human Resource Management, can be awarded a Bachelor of
Management Studies (or Bachelor of Business Management in USA) at one institution, a Bachelor
of Business Administration at another institution or have the option of one or the other based on
the curriculum selected.

In the UK, the London School of Economics offers a B.Sc. Management degree in subject areas
associated with a management degree. On the other hand, University of Westminster awards B.A.
(Hons.) in Business Management.

In the USA, almost all the universities offer Bachelor of Business Management degrees in all of its
programs of management study. Eastern Illinois University offers Bachelor in Management, while
DeVry University offers Bachelor of Science for completing the Management courses.

The differences pose a very important question for students – what degree should I chose?

What degree is right for me?

Academically, whether it is a BMS, BBM or B.A. (Hons.), they all are equally valued. They offer
students an opportunity to gain knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform
for employment or postgraduate studies. Students need to identify which is a better fit – which
track caters to their chosen subject and strengths in that major. The coursework required for a
Bachelor of Management Studies degree generally allows students to sharpen their organizational
behavior and human resource skills. By comparison, the demands of other degrees like Bachelor of
Business Management typically foster management skills from a business perspective.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify;

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study as it may only be offered as a BMS or B.A.
  • Curriculum. The course content and teaching style for a BMS in a subject vs. a B.Sc. or a B.A.
    may vary significantly from university to university.
  • Career options. Does the BMS provide the right foundation for the student’s future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do they have the appropriate entry requirements?
  • Interest. Do they enjoy management classes or does their interest lie on the business side?

A BMS degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon graduation the
opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies. It is imperative that
students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in a program that
provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

A Bachelor of Fine Arts (commonly abbreviated as a BFA) is a globally recognized academic degree
awarded to undergraduates for completion of their course. The degree generally takes three to four
years to complete, but will vary depend on the country, institution, subject area and courses selected.
Programs resulting in a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree are generally more focused on a studio
component and students are expected to concentrate their academic energies on mastering the
practical facets of their field. BFA degrees are usually offered in visual artistic areas like drawing,
animation, photography, film production, acting, interior design, etc.

Overview

  • Recognition. Globally recognized; in some countries it is called a Bachelor of Creative Arts
    (BCA), while elsewhere it is awarded as BA (Hons.) in Fine Arts.
  • Duration. Typically 3-4 years.
  • Subjects. There are several fields that are considered to be more practical and artistic and thus
    award BFA degrees. These fields include, acting, musical theatre, ceramics, animation, creative
    writing, dance, drawing, film production, visual effects, graphic design, illustration, visual arts,
    interior design, music, painting, photography, sculpture, or television production.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be
    continual assessment that makes the final grade. For others, it may be a heavily weighted final
    exam. Generally, practical exams and work portfolio matters a lot in assessment.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Global Differences

The Bachelor of Fine Arts degree is awarded in numerous countries across the globe. The degree is
also known as Bachelor of Visual Arts (BVA), Bachelor of Creative Arts (BCA) or Bachelor of Arts
(Hons.) Fine Arts in some countries. Two of the main global differences tends to be: the duration of
the degree and subject selection.

In both the United States and Canada, the BFA typically takes four years to complete and is
awarded for the completion of undergraduate studies in painting, drawing, graphic design,
sculpting and art history, color theory, 3D visual arts, and related fields.

In UK, a Bachelor of Arts (Hons.) Fine Arts is typically awarded upon the successful completion of
an undergraduate program in one or more fields of the fine arts. The completion period for the
degree may vary by country, subject field, and school.

Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Fine Arts?

Prospective students trying to chart their course through college might be wondering what is the
difference between a B.A. and a BFA. The primary difference between the two types of degrees is
the focus of the coursework students are required to complete in order to earn them.

A BFA typically involves more participation in practical arts, rather than in academics, whereas a
Bachelor of Arts is focused on theoretical aspects of general arts. The difference between B.A. and
BFA does differ from one university to another, however it can be said that the Bachelor of Arts is a
general degree, while the Bachelor of Fine Arts is a professional degree.

Several universities offer both Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Fine Arts in the same subject. A
BFA requires that approximately two thirds of the course work focus on the creation and study of
visual arts, and one third of the course work focus on liberal arts (history, literature, psychology,
etc.). For a B.A., the course work ratios are flipped.

The differences pose a very important question for students – what degree should I chose?

What degree is right for me?

Academically, both a BA and BFA are slightly different in the sense that BFA underlines specifically
to the subject of fine arts, while BA is more flexible. Both offer students an opportunity to gain
knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform for employment or
postgraduate studies. You will get better exposure to studio-oriented classes in BFA. Students
need to identify which is a better fit – which track caters to their chosen subject, the theoretical
one or the practical one, the generalized one or the specialized one. The coursework required for a
Bachelor of Arts degree generally allows students to sharpen their communication and writing
skills. By comparison, the demands of a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree typically foster rigorous and
in-depth course work and a detailed understanding of subject matter.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify;

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study. For example, history will be offered only as B.A.
    as it is a theoretical subject, while visual arts will be offered only as BFA. Photography can
    be offered both as B.A. and BFA
  • Curriculum. The course content and teaching style for a B.A. in a subject vs. a BFA vary
    significantly from university to university. Although the general factor distinguishing the
    two courses is the amount of practical course work.
  • Career options. Does the BFA provide the right foundation for the student’s future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do they have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. art portfolio?
  • Interest. Do they enjoy practical and visual classes or does their interest lie on the
    theoretical aspect of creativity?

A Bachelor of Fine Arts degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon
graduation the opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies. It is
imperative that students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in
a program that provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

A Bachelor of Architecture (commonly abbreviated as a B.Arch.) is a globally recognized academic degree awarded to undergraduates for completion of their course.  The degree generally takes four to five years to complete, but will vary depending on the country, institution, subject area and courses selected.  Programs resulting in a Bachelor of Architecture degree are generally more focused on their subject matter and mastering the technical and practical facets of the drawing and design techniques. Bachelor of Architecture degrees are usually offered in areas like design theories, Visual communications, construction, architecture history, and structural elements.

Overview

  • Recognition. Globally recognized.
  • Duration. Typically 4-5 years.
  • Subjects. There are several fields that are almost always considered to be architecture and thus award Bachelor of Architecture degrees. These fields include design, building construction and material, history, 3D design, building management etc.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be continual assessment that makes the final grade.  For others, it may be a heavily weighted final exam.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Global Differences

The Bachelor of Architecture degree is awarded across the globe, and two of the main differences tends to be: the duration of the degree and subject selection.

In both the United States and Canada, the Bachelor of Architecture degree typically takes five years to complete and is awarded for the completion of undergraduate studies in studio courses like design and aesthetic theory, as well as practical courses on structures, building mechanical systems, electrical systems and construction. Student work is often in the form of drawings and renderings, either through computer-aided design or drafting by hand.

Additionally in the USA, there are universities that offer a four-year degree such as a Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies (B.Sc. Arch) or a Bachelor of Arts in Architectural Studies (B.A. Arch).

Architectural education differs slightly in the UK. To study architecture, students must first complete a three-year undergraduate degree, either B.A. (Hons.) or B.Sc. (Hons.) in Architecture. Then a two-year B.Arch. can be completed before another two years of professional training. For most students to become an architect in the United Kingdom they must pass or be exempted from parts I, II and III of the RIBA's (Royal Institute of British Architects) examinations. Completion of the three-year B.A. or B.Sc. gives an exemption from Part I. Completion of the two-year B.Arch. gives exemption from Part II and the final two years of supervised practical training, with supplemental examinations and assignments, makes up the requirements for Part III.

In France, the first step of architectural education is the Diploma of Studies in Architecture, a three-year degree equivalent to a Bachelor of Architecture. This degree does not allow registration as an architect, awardees must pursue a Master of Architecture in order to obtain vocational qualification.

Bachelor of Architecture or Bachelor of Arts in Architecture?

Prospective students trying to chart their course through college might be wondering what the difference between a B.A. and a B.Arch. is.  The primary difference between the two types of degrees is the focus of the coursework students are required to complete in order to earn them.

A Bachelor of Architecture degree typically focuses on studio-related disciplines whereas a Bachelor of Arts focuses on the liberal arts programs. Students who want to earn an undergraduate degree to become a licensed architect should choose a Bachelor of Architecture program, which is a professional degree. Those who wish to become paraprofessionals with an architectural firm or work in related careers, such as interior design or landscape architecture, should choose the Bachelor of Arts/Science in Architecture program, which is a pre-professional degree

Some universities in US offer both a B.Arch. and B.S. in Architecture program. If a student enrolled in one program wants to change to other, the universities provide the flexibility upon meeting the required criteria. Even if you have completed your architectural studies in a B.A. and you want to go for professional career in architecture, you can do so by pursuing a Masters degree in Architecture.

These differences pose a very important question for students – What degree should I chose?

What degree is right for me?

Academically, both a B.Arch. and B.A. are equally valued in their respective sense. Both offer students an opportunity to gain knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform for employment or postgraduate studies.  Students need to identify which is a better fit – which track caters to their chosen subject and strengths in that major.   The coursework required for a Bachelor of Arts degree generally allows students to focus on the broader aspects of architecture and the theories related to it. By comparison, the demands of a Bachelor of Architecture degree typically foster a detailed understanding of subject matter alongside rigorous practical trainings.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify;

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study as it may only be offered as a B.A. or B.Arch.
  • Curriculum. The course content and style for a B.A. in a subject vs. a B.Arch. may vary significantly from university to university.
  • Career options. Does the B.Arch. provide the right foundation for the student’s future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do they have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. Portfolio?
  • Interests. Do they enjoy theoretical arts or does their interest lie on the practical side?

A B.Arch. degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon graduation the opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies.  It is imperative that students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in a program that provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

Top Masters Degrees

  • Master of Business Administration
  • Master of Public Administration
  • Master of Science
  • Master of Arts
  • Doctor of Philosophy

A Master of Business Administration (commonly abbreviated to MBA) is a globally recognized academic degree designed to develop skills required for a career in business and management.  Students study the theory and application of business and management principles including marketing, finance, operations, strategy etc. that equips them with knowledge that can be applied to a variety of real world corporate situations.

 The value of the MBA, however, is not limited strictly to the business world. An MBA can also be useful for those pursuing a managerial career in the public sector, government, private industry, and other areas.

Overview:

1. Type & Duration.

  • Traditional full-time MBA - normally takes place over two academic years.
  • Accelerated MBA - involves a higher course load with more intense class and examination schedules and is usually condensed into one year.
  • Part-Time MBA – catered towards the working professional and normally lasts three years or more. Classes are typically held on weekday evenings, after normal working hours, or on weekends.
  • Executive MBA - developed to meet the educational needs of managers and executives, allowing students to earn an MBA in two years or less while working full-time. Typically students have a higher level of work experience, often 10 years or more, compared to other MBA students.
  • Distance Learning MBA – classes are held off-campus using mediums like mail or email, non-interactive broadcast video, pre-recorded video, live teleconference or video conference, offline or online computer courses. Duration varies based on the course.

2. Curriculum. Most MBA programs include a core curriculum of subjects, such as finance, accounting, marketing, operations, as well as elective courses that allow students to develop and expand upon their personal or professional interests. Additionally, conventional two-year programs include an internship at an organization, which can lead to job opportunities after the program.

3. Work Experience. Top business schools generally require students have at least a couple of years of professional work before starting the MBA program. There are programs that accept students directly after their undergraduate degree, however the average at premiere institutes ranges from 3-7 years.

4. Standard Requirements.

  • Application form(s)
  • Application Fees
  • GMAT / GRE
  • TOEFL or IELTS (Colleges may waive this requirement if certain prerequisites are met.)
  • Transcripts
  • Essays or Statements of Purpose
  • Resume
  • Letter(s) of Recommendation
  • Interview

Why Pursue An MBA?

There are several benefits of pursuing an MBA including:

1. Develop skill sets.  The MBA is a broad based degree that educates you in a wide range of areas including marketing, finance, operations, strategy, and leadership. You learn about the latest management techniques, how to problem solve, and think outside the box.

2. Enhanced job prospects.  An MBA degree can significantly boost your career prospects and accelerate your climb up the corporate ladder.  Most business schools have a career services office with full-time staff dedicated to helping students determine their professional goals, find resources related to their industry of choice and prepare them for interviews and even contract negotiations.

3. Enhanced salary.  With the enhanced job prospects also comes an enhanced salary.  An MBA for many is an investment in themselves.  A number of studies have found that MBA grads do earn more.

4. Opportunity to switch careers.  A number of students pursue an MBA to change careers.  The degree provides a platform for you to not only learn the relevant skill sets but also gain hands on experience.

5. Opportunity to network.  Business schools provide an incredible platform for you to network with not only your classmates, but also professors, other students on campus and alumni.  These connections you make have the potential of being your life long friends, future business partners, co-founders, investors, mentors, and so much more.

What Are Universities Looking For?

A business school application is not just a set of application forms that need to be filled out. Colleges are looking for profiles that showcase the right fit. The following foundational checkboxes will need to be tailored and prioritized according to your strengths and goals and the ethos of the institutions you will be applying to:

1. Leadership experience is the fundamental cornerstone of a strong business school application. To build leadership experience, start taking more initiative and responsibility in your current professional role, and provide critical support to your teammates when they are project leads. Work towards employee awards. Make sure to keep track of all appreciation emails and commendations from clients, team members and senior management.

2. A clear way to demonstrate leadership is to start a business, or join a friend’s startup. Try to find a market solution to a problem that you are deeply passionate about. If it doesn’t work out, you have an impactful learning experience to share with the admissions committee.

3. Community Involvement. If you are applying to business school and do not have enough recent experience with extra curricular activities or community engagement, you need to get cracking now. The greatest impact that you can demonstrate is by taking on leadership roles in a few organizations whose causes you are most passionate about. This will reiterate your ability to be an effective leader in a professional setting and at the community level.

4. Learning Beyond Office Hours. In addition to deepening your involvement and leadership in the community, start taking classes to either buffer academic gaps or strengthen core abilities.

5. Communication Skills. Given the participant-driven, case-based learning method that is foundational to most MBA programs, business schools want to ensure that you bring significant interpersonal impact to the table. To build your verbal communication skills, take public speaking/online courses. To get better at writing, in addition to reading more, take persuasive writing courses, or keep a journal.

6. Strong Relationships with Supervisors. It is imperative that you develop a strong relationship with supervisors in the workplace and community organizations you are engaged with who are potential recommenders. Consistently engaging with your supervisor on your progress will help you further cement your relationship and showcase enthusiasm and initiative.

7. For a strong business school application, you need to have a clear vision of your short and long term career goals. Engage with as many industry stalwarts as possible, keeping alumni of your target schools in mind. Have a set of questions ready, and get them to guide you towards finding your own success within the industry.

Is An MBA Right For Me?

An MBA may not be the right stepping-stone for everyone.  It’s important you spend time to reflect, undertake a complete assessment and identify specifically why the MBA is for you.  When it’s a right fit, it can provide you with the relevant skill sets and advancement you need to take your career to the next level.

The Master of Public Administration (MPA) is a professional degree for the public sector and it prepares individuals to serve as managers in the executive arm of local, state/provincial, and federal/national government, in non-governmental organization (NGO) and nonprofit sectors; it places a focus on the systematic investigation of executive organization and management. The degree generally takes two years to complete, but will vary depend on the country. An MPA equips students with the skills, perspectives, and nuanced understanding that they need to be effective leaders in solving public problems.

Overview

  • Globally recognized
  • Typically 2 years
  • A core curriculum of a typical MPA program usually includes courses on microeconomics, public finance, research methods / statistics, policy process and policy analysis, public financial management, managerial accounting, ethics, public management, leadership, planning & Geographic Information Systems
  • Focus Areas. Depending on their interest, MPA students can focus their studies on a variety of public sector fields such as urban planning, emergency management, transportation, health care (especially public health), economic development, urban management, community development, education, non-profits, information technology, environmental policy, cultural policy, and criminal justice, etc.
  • Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be continual assessment that makes the final grade.  For others, it may be a heavily weighted final exam or project.
  • Varies based on country, university, and subject selection.

Global Differences

In both the United States and Canada, the Master of Public Administration degree typically takes two years to complete and is awarded for the completion of graduate studies in program evaluation, leadership, public decision-making and policy analysis and related fields.

In UK, a Master of Public Administration is typically awarded upon the successful completion of the graduate program in one year as a full time student or in three years as a part time student.

The MPA degree includes a substantial element of management education sitting alongside public policy and public administration thereby bringing it closer to the MBA degree.

Master of Public Administration or Master of Business Administration?

 Prospective students trying to chart their course might be wondering what is the difference between and MBA and MPA. The primary difference between the two types of degrees is the focus of the coursework students are required to complete in order to earn them.

The MPA is a graduate-level program designed to teach students how to fulfill managerial and administrative positions in public and nonprofit organizations, including schools, health services and regulatory agencies. The curriculum for an MBA, on the other hand, focuses on private sector management and readies students for work within a certain sector of business, like finance, marketing and management.

 What Degree Is Right For Me?

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to look at the:

  • Does the course content align with their learning needs / goals and aspirations?
  • Career options. Does the degree provide the right foundation and framework for their future job?
  • Entry requirements. Does the student have the appropriate requirements stipulated by the degree.
  • Do they enjoy public administrative classes?

An MPA is generally best for those seeking a long-term career working for nonprofits, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), or government agencies where the degree’s emphasis on public policy issues, program implementation, and public management is most relevant.

A Master of Science (commonly abbreviated as an MS or MSc) is a globally recognized academic degree awarded to graduates for the completion of their course. The degree generally takes one to three years to complete, but will vary depend on the country, institution, subject area and courses selected.  Programs resulting in a Master of Science are generally more strictly focused on scientific and mathematical subjects where students are expected to concentrate their academic energies on mastering the technical and practical facets of their field. Typically an MS does require a thesis but this can vary from program to program. Master of Science degrees are usually offered in science, engineering and medical areas including computer science, nursing, mathematics, biochemistry, and physics.

Overview

  • Recognition. Globally recognized.
  • Duration. Typically 1-3 years.
  • Subjects. There are several fields that are almost always considered to be sciences including biology, biochemistry, chemistry, physics, earth science, social science, general science, mathematics, sport/exercise science, computer science and almost all fields of engineering.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be continual assessment that makes the final grade.  For others, it may be a heavily weighted thesis.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Master of Arts or Master of Science?

Prospective students trying to chart their course through college might be wondering what the difference between an MA and an MS is.  The primary difference between the two types of degrees is the focus of the coursework students are required to complete in order to earn them.

A Master of Science degree typically focuses on science-related disciplines whereas a Master of Arts focuses on liberal arts programs.  However what is considered to be an art of science may vary from institution to institution.

To cite some examples:

A particular subject, for example Economics, can be awarded a Master of Science at one institution, a Master of Arts at another institution or have the option of one or the other based on the curriculum selected. The University of Nottingham allows students to tailor their module choices in the Economics program to graduate with either an MS or MA.

In the UK, the London School of Economics offers a MS degree in nearly all subject areas, even those usually associated with an arts degree.  On the other hand, University of Oxford almost exclusively awards arts qualifications. Thus, in both instances, there are historical and traditional reasons for the differences.

To cite another example, in the US, Northwestern University's School of Communication grants MS degrees in all of its programs of study, including theater, dance, and radio/television/film. University of California, Berkeley grants a MS degree in Environmental Economics and Policy from the College of Natural Resources, but a MA degree in Environmental Economics and Policy from the College of Letters and Science.

The differences pose a very important question for students – What degree should I choose?

What degree is right for me?

Academically, both an MA and MS are equally valued.  Both offer students an opportunity to gain knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform for employment or doctorate studies.  Students need to identify which is a better fit – which track caters to their chosen subject and strengths in that major. The coursework required for a Master of Arts degree generally allows students to sharpen their communication and writing skills. By comparison, the demand of a Master of Science degree typically fosters analytical skills and a detailed understanding of subject matter.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify:

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study as it may only be offered as a MA or MS
  • Curriculum. Review the course content and teaching style thoroughly, as an MA in a subject vs. an MS may vary significantly from university to university.
  • Career options. Does the degree provide the right foundation for your future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do you have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. work experience or appropriate undergraduate degree?
  • Interests. Do you enjoy the analytical classes or does your interest lie on the creative side?

A Master of Science degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon graduation the opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies.  It is imperative that students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in a program that provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

A Master of Arts (commonly abbreviated as a MA) is a globally recognized academic degree awarded to graduates for the completion of their course. The degree generally takes two years to complete, but will vary depend on the country, institution, subject area and courses selected.  Programs resulting in a Master of Arts degree are generally more focused on practical implication and artistic skills, and students are expected to concentrate their creativity on mastering the technical and practical facets of their field. Master of Arts degrees are usually offered in either the liberal arts, the sciences or both covering areas like social sciences, humanities, music, fashion or fine arts.

Overview

  • Recognition. Globally recognized
  • Duration. Typically 2 years
  • Subjects. There are several fields that are almost always considered to be arts and thus award Master of Arts degrees. These fields include fine arts, art history, economics, linguistics, media and communications, geography, history, music, sociology, philosophy, psychology, etc.
  • Assessment. Varies based on country, university and subject. For some programs there may be continual assessment that makes the final grade.  For others, it may be a heavily weighted practical exam and work portfolio matters.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Global Differences

The Master of Arts degree is awarded across the globe, and two of the main differences tends to be: the duration of the degree and certification. Specialized subjects within disciplines in the Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, and sometimes Business and Law, fall within the academic realm of Master of Arts. MA candidates are often required to complete research and present a thesis paper prior to completion of their degree.

In the United States, the Master of Arts degree typically takes two to four years to complete and is awarded for the completion of graduate studies in history, literature, language, humanities, social sciences, economics, philosophy, psychology and related fields.

In the UK, as in the United States, a Master of Arts is typically awarded upon the successful completion of an graduate program in one or more fields of the arts. In the UK, there are three types of master’s degrees – taught master’s degrees (one year), post-graduate diplomas (two semesters, no thesis), and research-based master’s degrees (12-24 months, used as an entry to Ph.D. programs).

Master of Arts or Master of Science?

Prospective students trying to chart their course through college might be wondering what the difference between an MA and an MS is.  The primary difference between the two types of degrees is the focus of the coursework students are required to complete in order to earn them.

A Master of Science degree typically focuses on science-related disciplines whereas a Master of Arts focuses on liberal arts programs.  However what is considered to be an art of science may vary from institution to institution.

To cite some examples:

A particular subject, for example Economics, can be awarded a Master of Science at one institution, a Master of Arts at another institution or have the option of one or the other based on the curriculum selected. The University of Nottingham allows students to tailor their module choices in the Economics program to graduate with either an MS or MA.

In the UK, the London School of Economics offers an MS degree in nearly all subject areas, even those usually associated with an arts degree.  On the other hand, University of Oxford almost exclusively awards arts qualifications. Thus, in both instances, there are historical and traditional reasons for the differences.

To cite another example, in the US, Northwestern University's School of Communication grants MS degrees in all of its programs of study, including theater, dance, and radio/television/film. University of California, Berkeley grants an MS degree in Environmental Economics and Policy from the College of Natural Resources, but an MA degree in Environmental Economics and Policy from the College of Letters and Science.

The differences pose a very important question for students – What degree should I choose?

Which degree is right for me?

Academically, both an MA and MS are equally valued.  Both offer students an opportunity to gain knowledge and skills in their area of interest, and build a platform for employment or doctorate studies.  Students need to identify which is a better fit – which track caters to their chosen subject and strengths in that major. The coursework required for a Master of Arts degree generally allows students to sharpen their communication and writing skills. By comparison, the demand of a Master of Science degree typically fosters analytical skills and a detailed understanding of subject matter.

When deciding which degree program is the best fit, students need to identify:

  • Subjects. What subject they wish to study as it may only be offered as a MA or MS
  • Curriculum. Review the course content and teaching style thoroughly, as an MA in a subject vs. an MS may vary significantly from university to university.
  • Career options. Does the degree provide the right foundation for your future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do you have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. work experience or appropriate undergraduate degree?
  • Interests. Do you enjoy the analytical classes or does your interest lie on the creative side?

A Master of Arts degree offers a multitude of study options for students, and upon graduation the opportunity to enter the professional world or pursue post-graduate studies.  It is imperative that students identify what subject area their interest lies in and subsequently enroll in a program that provides the best platform for their future endeavors.

 

A Doctor of Philosophy (commonly abbreviated as a PhD) is a globally recognized academic degree awarded to doctorates for completion of independent research on an original topic. It is the highest academic degree a student can achieve and is considered the de facto entrance qualification for a career in academia. A person who attains a Doctorate of Philosophy is automatically awarded the academic title of Doctor. The degree is designed to be four to eight years, depending on the advancement of the subject area, country, and the research scope of the degree.

The Doctor of Philosophy is usually offered in almost areas of study including science, engineering, finance, arts, literature, economics, etc. and carried out with the support of one or more expert academic supervisors.

Overview

  • Admission. As a PhD is largely based on independent study, you will usually have to submit a research proposal before being accepted. This will outline exactly what you are looking to investigate and the methodology you will use.
  • Recognition. Globally recognized
  • Duration. Typically 4-8 years
  • Subjects. You can complete your doctorate in any of your desired fields including engineering, finance, economics, world literature, statistics, physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, foreign languages, fine arts, history, linguistics, media and communications, geography, sociology, philosophy, psychology, etc.
  • Assessment. As a PhD candidate you must submit a project, thesis or dissertation often consisting of a body of original academic research, which is in principle worthy of publication in a peer-reviewed journal. You have to defend it in front of the panel to complete your studies.
  • Grading. Varies based on country, university, and subject.

Coursework

Unlike most Masters courses (or all undergraduate programs), a PhD is a pure research degree and normally involves:

  • Carrying out a literature review (a survey of current scholarship in your field).
  • Conducting original research and collecting your results.
  • Producing a thesis that presents your conclusions.
  • Writing up your thesis and submitting it as a dissertation.
  • Defending your thesis in an oral viva voce exam.

These stages vary between subjects and universities, but they tend to fall into the same sequence.

All PhD projects/coursework are completed with the guidance of at least one academic supervisor. They will be your main point of contact and support throughout the program.  Your supervisor will be an expert in your general area of research, but obviously won’t have researched on your exact topic before.

Global Differences

The PhD is awarded across the globe and admission is generally on the basis of completion of a relevant advanced degree i.e. Masters, however this is not always necessary.

In Canada, Admission to a doctoral program usually requires completion of a Master's degree in a related field, with sufficiently high grades and proven research ability.

In the UK, universities admit applicants to PhD programs on a case-by-case basis. Depending on the university, admission is typically conditional on the prospective student having successfully completed an undergraduate degree with at least upper second-class honours, or a postgraduate master's degree, but requirements can vary. For example, at the University of Oxford, the one essential condition of being accepted is evidence of previous academic excellence, and of future potential.

In the United States, the PhD degree is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most fields of study. U.S. students typically undergo three phases in their course to work towards the PhD degree. The first phase consists of coursework in the student's field of study and requires one to three years to complete. This often is followed by a preliminary; a comprehensive examination, or a series of cumulative examinations where the emphasis is on breadth rather than depth of knowledge. The student is often later required to pass oral and written examinations in the field of specialization within the discipline, and here, depth is emphasized.

Is Doctor of Philosophy right for me?

A PhD provides you the opportunity to make a direct contribution to your field and makes you an expert in your chosen area. However, academically, the PhD is very demanding involving the writing of a thesis based on original research work and then defending it in front of the panel. Additionally the exact duration is unknown as it’s dependent on the completion of your research. Not only do you need to support yourself during these years, you also will not be directly engaged in a professional career. Thus, it’s imperative you evaluate if it’s the right option for you.

When deciding whether a PhD is the best fit probe into the following:

  • Subject. Do you have an original area of research that is exploring a new area or pushing the boundaries of your field beyond what is currently known?
  • Career options. Does the PhD provide the right foundation for your future job?
  • Entry requirements. Do you have the appropriate entry requirements e.g. masters?
  • Interest. Do you have the desire to study and research more in your chosen area?

To conclude, when deciding to pursue a PhD degree, students must be sure about their interests and passion to study further. Connect with students, lecturers and experts in your area of interest to gain a complete understanding before delving into your next academic endeavor. Good luck!

General Information

Application Check List for college admissions

Are you close to pressing the “SUBMIT” button on your college application? Before you do, look through the checklist below to make sure you have all the pertinent documents prior to your college deadlines.

  • Application form(s): First and foremost, review the application instructions thoroughly, especially the necessary requirements and relevant documents for your area of study. Fill each section accurately and completely, re-checking for any errors. If you have any questions or concerns send an email to the appropriate department at the University for clarity.
  • Supplemental Form(s): Make sure you have all the relevant application forms. For example if you are an undergraduate student applying to Cornell University in the U.S. then in addition to the Common Application, don’t forget to fill the supplemental form.
  • Application Fees: These can vary by University and range from $20 to $250. Check if you are eligible for a waiver, for example applicants for a full-time MBA at University of Rochester, Simon School of Business can apply for a fee waiver if they meet certain criteria, including a GMAT score of at least 670 and a minimum of 4 years of work experience.
  • Test Scores: You will need to send the official reports of the exam(s) your institution requires directly from the official reporting agency. At the undergraduate level this may be your ACT / SAT I / SAT II results and at the postgraduate level this could be your GRE/GMAT scores. A college may have a separate standardized test submission deadline, which may be different to the application deadline.
  • English Proficiency Exams: Have you taken the TOEFL or IELTS? These are usually required if your native language is not English. Colleges may waive this requirement if certain prerequisites are met.
  • Grades: Remember - most institutions require official transcripts of grades for subjects studied in School (for undergraduates) or College (for postgraduates). Some Universities, like the Heinz School at Carnegie Mellon University, may ask you to use an academic credential verification service (e.g. WES – World Education Service) to obtain a course by course report.
  • Letter(s) of Recommendation: Have your recommenders uploaded their letters yet? Clearly articulate the deadlines to them and don’t hesitate to follow up and remind them as the deadlines get closer. Please be sure to write a formal thank you letter/email to your recommender(s) after.
  • Resume: Does your resume provide a snapshot of all your academic, professional and personal accomplishments. Read our blog BLOG – How to write an effective resume for tips on writing an effective resume.
  • Additional requirements: If you are applying to a program that needs additional materials e.g. portfolio, ensure you have met all their specifications.
  • Financial Aid: Gather updated tax returns, income statements and list of assets well in time to fill an accurate form, and don’t forget to submit your application by the financial aid priority deadlines.

Now that all these items are checked off on your list and you are ready to press “SUBMIT”, double check one last time or have someone else proofread it to make sure no omissions, spelling errors or silly mistakes have crept in. Good Luck!

Tips to build a stellar profile for top colleges

A business school application is not just a set of application forms that need to be filled out. There is also no silver bullet, no one formula for success. Building the right profile and accordingly, putting an impressive business school application together is an uncomfortably intense introspective process, where you develop a clear sense of self-awareness, which you can harness to maximize your strengths, and build scaffolds around your weaknesses.

The following foundational checkboxes will need to be tailored and prioritized according to your unique skills, strengths, and personality:

1) Leading Teams: Leadership experience is the fundamental cornerstone of a strong business school application. To build leadership experience, start taking more initiative and responsibility in your current professional role, and provide critical support to your teammates when they are project leads. Work towards employee awards. Make sure to keep track of all appreciation emails and commendations from clients, team members and senior management.

2) Entrepreneurship: A clear way to demonstrate leadership is to start a business, or join a friend’s startup. Try to find a market solution to a problem that you are deeply passionate about. Is it income inequality? Build a company that focuses on creating job opportunities. Hopeless romantic? Build a referral dating app. If it doesn’t work out, you have an impactful learning experience to share with the admissions committee. You could even conduct a ReachIvy MasterClass to establish yourself as an industry expert.

3) Community Involvement: If you are applying to business school and do not have enough recent experience with extra curricular activities or community engagement, you need to get cracking now. The greatest impact that you can demonstrate is by taking on leadership roles in a few organizations whose causes you are most passionate about. This will reiterate your ability to be an effective leader in a professional setting and at the community level.

4) Learning Beyond Office Hours: In addition to deepening your involvement and leadership in the community, start taking classes to either buffer academic gaps or strengthen core abilities. Finance geek? Take an online writing course to get better at expressing yourself. Predilection towards being a polyglot? Master a new language. If you are a time management ninja, online learning and skill certifications are where you can really play with a breadth of learning experiences.

5) Communication Skills: Given the participant-driven, case-based learning method that is foundational to most MBA programs, business schools want to ensure that you bring significant interpersonal impact to the table. To build your verbal communication skills, take public speaking/online courses. To get better at writing, in addition to reading more, take persuasive writing courses, or keep a journal.

6) GMAT: Start preparing for the GMAT now. Ideally, you should be done with the GMAT before you even start your MBA application. You need to ensure that your GMAT score lies within the range of accepted scores at your targeted schools. By taking the GMAT early, you have time to retake it as needed. Take a diagnostic online practice test to gauge your strengths and weaknesses.

7) Strong Relationships with Supervisors: It is imperative that you develop a strong relationship with supervisors in the workplace and community organizations you are engaged with who are potential recommenders. Don’t wait for a promotion or annual performance reviews, engage with your supervisors at the onset. Structure your volunteering time well with your supervisor, so that you can maximize your impact within the organization. Consistently engaging with your supervisor on your progress will help you further cement your relationship and showcase enthusiasm and initiative.

8) Vision: For a strong business school application, you need to have a clear vision of your short and long term career goals. Do you have your heart set on a particular career? Engage with as many industry stalwarts as possible, keeping alumni of your target schools in mind. Have a set of questions ready, and get them to guide you towards finding your own success within the industry.

At ReachIvy, we work with students to help build their profiles as early as 3-4 years before they apply to business school, to help them cultivate and harness their unique strengths personally, professionally, and in the community. If you are considering applying to business school in Round 1 or 2 this year (for enrollment in 2017), now is the time to start identifying and filling the gaps in your profile – you only have a few months! Feel free to reach out to us to learn more about how we can help you!

ReachIvy sincerely hopes that this article serves as a critical tool to increase your knowledge base. For study abroad consultation or career counselling with ReachIvy, Register Now to avail our customized services! Also, review our resources to access our free premium content.

Ways to fund education abroad

Navigating the financial aid system can be one of the most important and confusing parts of the application process. Escalating education costs have not only increased the burden, but also the competition that international applicants are facing.
Read on to explore some ways to fund these expenses:

I. Personal Funding: This is one of the most popular ways. It generally involves funding through family, relatives or your own savings. International students predominantly rely on their own sources of funds to pay for their education abroad.

II. Company Sponsorship: Some organizations may fully or partly sponsor individuals for their postgraduate education. You may need to demonstrate why you are eligible for the same, and some companies might ask you to sign a contract officially committing to resume employment with them for X number of years post your graduation. Your employer possibly need to be assured that an investment in your education is an investment in the growth of the company.

III. University Aid - This includes:

a. Merit-based scholarships, which are granted on the basis of special skills, talents, or abilities. Your university and program may have scholarships based on academic record, leadership skills or excellence showcased in the workplace. Merit-based scholarships are usually very competitive . To be considered, you will need to demonstrate exceptional ability in the relevant area.

b. Need-based scholarships are awarded based on financial need. You will be required to demonstrate need at a predetermined level to be eligible.

c. The colleges may also make additional funds available to students from a specific background or nationality.

IV. Bank Loans: You can inquire with your banks regarding what education loans they provide and what the rate of interest is. These loans will generally require collateral like property or assets or a co-signor. If loans from banks are not an option, you can explore the option of secured loans from family members.

V. External Agencies: There are a number of external agencies including community organizations, companies, foundations and Government agencies that offer financial assistance to students. The criterion varies depending on the ethos of the institution, but you will have to complete a comprehensive application form that generally includes essays detailing why you are the right candidate.

VI. Work-Study: These programs allow you to work on campus and opportunities include tutoring, research assistant, a desk job in the library or administrative office. International students are generally only allowed to work a limited number of hours during term time. Thus this option really provides very minimal support and will vary based on your country of choice.

One of the best sources of financial aid can be the college you attend; however, funding varies from university to university. Some offer aggressive scholarship programs for international students, where as others have very limited aid. So make sure you start early and thoroughly explore the options they have available and how you can sign up for it.

Tips to make the most of your time in college

 

College is going to be one of your greatest adventures, so get ready to make the most of it. You are on your way to discovering a profoundly greater sense of self, subjects and causes you will care deeply about for a lifetime, the ability to manage your time and take care of yourself, a lifelong set of friends, and the extent to which you can fly outside your comfort zone.

Here are a few tips on how to maximize your college experience:

  1. Take a basic academic class load your first semester. Use this time to find a routine where you can balance academic, social and extracurricular commitments without damaging your grades.
  2. Look at class and professor reviews on your student dashboard before signing up for core classes or electives. Make sure to take stimulating classes, not just the easy ones!
  3. Take electives that have nothing to do with your major. Majoring in Math? Take a class on the history of philosophy. Majoring in Political Science? Take a class on the biodiversity of the Amazon. By taking classes that are completely outside the scope of your major, you will learn relative thinking. Choose based on professor reviews, rather than on subject topics to gain new perspective and get inspired.
  4. Find a dedicated study space. Your dorm room is not your best bet for this, because there is constant social activity around you. Pick a corner in a library, student lounge or the study room of an academic department that works for you best.
  5. Hold on to your course materials. You may need them as reference materials when you take more advanced classes later in the year.
  6. Clearly understand your credit requirements. Make this a priority, so you do not miss out on core class requirements that need to be fulfilled to graduate on time.
  7. Develop relationships with professors. Is there a professor that has inspired your choice of major or career? Work with them on their research, or as a teaching assistant, or monopolize their office hours. Your professors can become your mentors and can be your future recommenders.
  8. Don't procrastinate. Are you a vampire or a happy morning person? Develop a productivity system that works best for you and stick to it. Procrastinating will just lead to unnecessary and totally avoidable anxiety and pressure.
  9. Learn to speed read. You will be reading, on average, hundreds of pages a week. Find a tutor or online learning websites that can help you learn this nifty skill.
  10. Get a job on campus, whether it is tutoring, as a teaching/research assistant, resident advisor or in the bookstore or library. This is your gateway to learning real world responsibility, and the extra pocket money doesn’t hurt.
  11. Get an internship. There is no better way to discover the real world than to leave campus to explore it! Play with multiple internships in vastly different fields in your freshman and sophomore years. Narrow in on one robust internship in your junior and senior years in companies where you would like to land a job upon graduation.
  12. Stay connected with alumni. Start volunteering at alumni events on campus. Don’t be a wallflower. Engage with alumni, ask them questions, and stay in touch with them. They can become your mentors, and guide you through critical life and career decisions.
  13. Travel. Don’t just take every opportunity to go home. Take road trips with friends. Backpack solo through South America or Europe. Get friends to invite you to celebrate Thanksgiving or Christmas with their families. Visit friends from home on their college campuses. The opportunities are endless!
  14. Study abroad. If you can, study abroad for at least one semester, if not for a whole year. You get to immerse yourself in a new culture and country, and pick up a local language.
  15. Attend lectures and seminars on campus. There will be a slew of academic, business and cultural stalwarts as guest speakers on your campus. Search your school’s calendar of events, and attend as many as possible.
  16. Compete in international competitions. Do you love to ultimate Frisbee? Do you live all-night hackathons? Do you want to Model UN at The Hague? Organize and compete in international competitions.
  17. Volunteer. Dabble in different activities your first semester till you find two to three causes and activities you really care about. Lead related clubs, programs and events.
  18. Take advantage of your campus or city’s live music and performance scene as much as possible. Love U2, Maroon 5 or Beyonce? They are likely to be performing at some point in a stadium near you. That on-campus job can help you pay for your ticket!
  19. Take care of your health. Between constant access to junk food and an active social life, it is really easy to put on weight. Join an intramural team, go to the gym, and moderate your consumption.
  20. Be social. Make friends from many different countries and from all walks of life, explore your inner culture vulture, and make the most of campus life and resources.

 

Remember to keep an open mind! College is about self-discovery, exploring and accepting as many different ideas as possible, and push yourself outside your comfort zone. Make sure to engage in debate, classes, and activities that compel you to doubt all preconceptions and truths you hold dear, so that you either reinforce your beliefs or find newer, more informed perspectives. There is equal, if not more learning, outside the classroom so take advantage of all your campus and community have to offer. Fare forward, voyager!

 

Factors to consider in finding the right school for yourself

When deciding on which college is right for you, you need to look at a number of factors.  Don’t base your decision on rankings alone, this is only one point of reference.  You need to identify and evaluate other criteria too.  Some may play a larger role than others, so prioritize what’s important to you.  Some examples of factors include:

  • Facilities: Are you looking to pursue Robotics? Are you looking for a minor in Theatre and Drama? Are you passionate about Tennis? It’s important to choose a college that not only offers these options but also has a reputation in this area.
  • Location: If you have a family that you want to stay with in New York, which is on the East Coast, choosing a West Coast university means that are you over a 5 hour flight away.
  • Size: If you flourish in a small classroom environment with personalized attention, choosing a large university with a class size of over 3000 students or average course size of over 300 students will hinder your learning experience. Check the school website and brochures to find out what the student: teacher ratio is.
  • Campus or City University: If you prefer college grounds to encompass everything you need, from where you study to where you eat, then a campus university may be a better fit. However if you are more inclined towards a city life, and are comfortable with public transport, then a city university may be for you.
  • Cost: If attaining financial aid is a priority, then you need to select colleges that are known to offer scholarships to international students. Some private Universities do not offer aid at all, while some are very generous with funding.
  • Employment Opportunities: If you are looking to find a job in investment banking in New York, will the college career service be able to help you with that?  What types of companies are recruiting at the college and for what types of opportunities? You should factor this into your decision, based on the potential career path you have in mind.

Make sure you can answer these questions: Why do I want to go to THIS University?  Does it meet not only my academic needs, but also my personal strengths and preferences?  Your college experience lays the foundation for your future, so it’s imperative you find an environment where you can thrive.

Top reasons to study abroad

Studying abroad has several advantages and can propel your professional career forward exponentially. Top advantages are listed below:

Academic Excellence – Studying abroad gives you the exposure of interacting with the best facilities & faculty and access to the best research in the world. If you are a business major – imagine being taught by Nobel laureates or professors who have been consultants to the World Bank, US Treasury, Federal Reserve or the IMF. If you are majoring in Engineering your University facilities could include labs for space research, hydrodynamics or 3D printing. Imagine Professor Stephen Hawking conducting research at your University! You truly have the best resources available to you.

Multicultural Environment - On campus you will be engaging with students from around the world. The diversity in the multi-cultural environment will teach you how to think outside the box and expose you to different ideas and points of view. In addition to the learning that classrooms provide, interactions with friends and classmates from all walks of life will provide you with a truly global outlook.

Flexible curriculum – One of the biggest advantages of studying abroad is the freedom to choose your curriculum. For example one of the most important reasons that students choose the US is because of the flexibility that its curriculum provides. Universities allow you to create your own unique program of study so that you can explore your academic interests before deciding to specialize. While studying in the UK means following a more consolidated curriculum. You specialize in your subject of interest from the very first day. It is very professionally oriented and ideal for students who have a clear focus area of study.

Duration – This is more specific to studying in the US - The Bachelor's degree is typically only 3 years long versus 4 years at other top geographical locations. It is important to weigh all your options before finalizing on the location of your study abroad.

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